The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: April Month– Day 17

QUITTANCE(Noun) : हरजाना

  • Meaning: Discharge from a debt or an obligation.
  • अर्थ: ऋण या दायित्व से मुक्ति।
  • Synonym: payment, requital
  • Antonym: captivity, corner
  • Usage: Lane smiled almost affably as he tossed the quittance upon the table.

HYPERBOLIC(Adjective) : अतिशयोक्तिपूर्ण

  • Meaning: Enlarged beyond truth or reasonableness; of or relating to a hyperbola.
  • अर्थ: सत्य या तर्क से परे बढ़े हुए; या एक हाइपरबोला से संबंधित है।
  • Synonym: exaggerated, hyperbola
  • Antonym: reduced, knockdown
  • Usage: I was writing in a hyperbolic reverie while closing myself off from at least half of his excellence.

OPEROSE(Adjective) : श्रमसाध्य

  • Meaning: Characterized by an effort to the point of exhaustion.
  • अर्थ: थकावट के बिंदु पर एक प्रयास द्वारा विशेषता।
  • Synonym: laborious, hard
  • Antonym: absorbing, engaging
  • Usage: An operose and expensive establishment of a supreme court was made, and charged upon the revenues of the country.

Insouciant : बेपरवाह

  • Meaning: showing a casual lack of concern
  • अर्थ: चिंता का एक आकस्मिक अभाव दिखा
  • Synonym: nonchalant, untroubled, unworried,
  • Antonym: anxious, concerned
  • Sentence: His insouciant handling of the oil spill in the Gulf is under fire from all sides.

SUPPURATE(Verb) : पकना

  • Meaning: Cause to ripen and discharge pus.
  • अर्थ: मवाद का पकना और निकलना।
  • Synonym: fester, decay
  • Antonym: invest, enlist
  • Usage: If that scrape on your hand starts to suppurate, you might want to go to the doctor.

GLOAT (Verb) : आनंदित होना

  • Meaning: dwell on one’s own success or another’s misfortune with smugness or malignant pleasure.
  • अर्थ: एक की सफलता या दूसरे के दुर्भाग्य पर स्मॉग या अशिष्टता का भाव।
  • Synonyms: exult, rejoice, relish
  • Antonyms: commiserate, sympathize
  • Usage: If you are the winner of a contest, you should not gloat and make your competitors feel inferior.

LOUSY(adjective) : घटिया

  • Meaning: very bad
  • अर्थ: बहुत बुरा
  • Synonyms: awful, horrible
  • Antonyms: good, great Example: The pizza was so incredibly lousy that she wouldn’t even give it to her worst enemy.

INCERTITUDE(noun) : संदेह

  • Meaning: Uncertainty; doubt
  • अर्थ: अनिश्चितता; शक
  • Synonyms: Confused, Suspicious
  • Antonyms: Assurance, Belief
  • Usage: The incertitude of his position in life caused him to postpone his marriage.

COGNIZANCE(noun) : हस्तक्षेप, संज्ञान

  • Meaning: To take notice of and consider something, especially when judging
  • अर्थ: किसी चीज पर ध्यान देना और विचार करना, विशेषकर न्याय करते समय
  • Synonyms: Awareness, Familiarity
  • Antonyms: Unfamiliar, Ignorance
  • Usage: The lawyer asked the jury to take cognizance of the defendant’s generosity in giving to charity.

VOLITANT(adjective) : तेजी से उड़ना

  • Meaning: flying or moving about rapidly
  • अर्थ: तेजी से उड़ना या बढ़ना
  • Synonyms: floating, soaring
  • Antonyms: slow, grounded
  • Usage: Volitant birds have taken over the beach and quickly fly about the area looking for food.

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