English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: April Month – Day 11

1) Subterfuge (Noun) – छल, साज़िश, कुटिलता

Meaning: deceit used in order to achieve one’s goal.

Synonyms: trickery, intrigue, deviousness

Antonyms: honesty, openness

Usage: “he had to use subterfuge and bluff on many occasions”


2) Culmination (Noun) – पराकाष्ठा

Meaning: the highest or climactic point of something, especially as attained after a long time.

Synonyms: climax, pinnacle, peak

Antonyms:nadir

Usage: “the deal marked the culmination of years of negotiation”


3) Glaring (Adjective) – चकाचौंध

Meaning: giving out or reflecting a strong or dazzling light.

Synonyms: dazzling, blinding, blazing

Antonyms:dim, soft

Usage: “the glaring sun”


4) Dislodging (Verb) – हटाना

Meaning: knock or force out of position.

Synonyms: remove, move, shift

Antonyms: ordering, planting, sowing

Usage: “the hoofs of their horses dislodged loose stones”


5) Erroneous (Adjective) – ग़लत

Meaning: wrong; incorrect.

Synonyms: wrong, incorrect, mistaken

Antonyms: right, correct

Usage: “employers sometimes make erroneous assumptions”


6) Incumbent (Adjective) – अवलंबी

Meaning: necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility.

Synonyms: binding, obligatory, mandatory

Antonyms: optional

Usage: “the government realized that it was incumbent on them to act”


7) Detriment (Noun) – नुकसान, क्षति

Meaning: a cause of harm or damage.

Synonyms: harm, damage, injury

Antonyms: benefit, good

Usage: “such tests are a detriment to good education”


8) Beleaguered (Noun) – घेराबंदी

Meaning: lay siege to.

Synonyms: besieged, under siege, blockaded

Antonyms: carefree, unbeleaguered, relaxed

Usage:”he led a relief force to the aid of the beleaguered city”


9)Remuneration (Noun) – पारिश्रमिक

Meaning: money paid for work or a service.

Synonyms:payment, pay, salary

Antonyms: evasion, defaulting, failure

Usage: “they work in excess of their contracted hours for no additional remuneration”


10) Sweep (Verb) – झाड़ू लगाना

Meaning: clean (an area) by brushing away dirt or litter.

Synonyms: brush, clean, scrub

Antonyms: limitation, extreme, height

Usage: “I’ve swept the floor”


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