Latest Current Affairs Daily Update

Daily Current Affairs Headlines 31st Oct and 01st Nov 2020

Most Important Current Affairs Quiz for 31Oct and 01Nov: Watch Video

Important Days

National Unity Day

In India, the Rashtriya Ekta Diwas or National Unity Day is observed every year on October 31 since 2014, to commemorate the birth anniversary of the Iron Man of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

This year marks the 145th anniversary of the great leader who played an instrumental role in India’s struggle for independence, and later during the integration of the country.

World Cities Day

The United Nations General Assembly has designated the 31st of October as World Cities Day.

The Day is celebrated to promote the international community’s interest in global urbanization, push forward cooperation among countries in meeting opportunities and addressing challenges of urbanization, and contributing to sustainable urban development around the world.

2020 Theme: Valuing Our Communities and Cities

International Internet Day 2020

International Internet Day is observed on 29th October every year. It aims to honour a momentous day in the history of telecommunications and technology.

This day also highlights the sending of the 1st electronic message which was conveyed from one computer to another computer in the year 1969.

Charley Kline who was a student programmer at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), he discovered the transmission of first-ever electronic message in the world ‘LO’ on 29th October 1969.

World Psoriasis Day 2020

World Psoriasis Day is commemorated by International Federation of Psoriasis Associations (IFPA) annually on 29th October.

It aims to create awareness and promoting empowerment, taking action regarding improving the quality of life for citizens with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. World Psoriasis Day Theme 2020: INFORMED.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • President of International Federation of Psoriasis Associations: Hoseah Waweru.
  • International Federation of Psoriasis Associations Founded: 1971.
  • International Federation of Psoriasis Associations Headquarters: Sweden.

National Headlines

Telangana CM Chandrasekhar Rao launches ‘Dharani’ Portal

Telangana Chief Minister, K Chandrasekhar Rao has launched the web portal ‘Dharani’ for land and property registrations.

The state government will now undertake all the property transactions, including registrations and mutations, through a web portal.

The Dharani is a one-stop portal for all land and property-related transactions as well as documentation.

The portal will do away with any loopholes in the registration process as well as store all land and property-related information online.

It will simplify the registration, succession and even partition of agriculture lands, to ensure that the entire process is completed within a few minutes and the e-pattadar passbook is provided to the landowners immediately.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Chief Minister of Telangana: K Chandrasekhar Rao; Governor: Tamilisai Soundararajan.

International Headlines

Japan to achieve zero carbon emissions by 2050

Japanese Prime Minister, Yoshihide Suga has stated that the country will achieve zero carbon emissions by 2050.

The Prime Minister stated he intends to make a sustainable economy a pillar of his growth strategy and put maximum effort into achieving a green society.

Suga emphasized the need to shift away from fossil fuels to counter climate change as an opportunity rather than a burden. As per Japan’s current energy plan, 56 per cent of its energy requirements come from fossil fuels.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Japan Capital: Tokyo.
  • Japan Currency: Japanese yen.
  • Japan Prime minister: Yoshihide Suga.

Appointments

Yashvardhan K. Sinha appointed as new Chief Information Commissioner

Government of India has approved the name of Former Foreign Service officer, Yashvardhan Kumar Sinha as the new Chief Information Commissioner.

He was already the Information Commissioner and was also the most senior. The post of CIC chairman had been vacant for several months after Bimal Zulka retired.

A Marathi journalist, Uday Mahurkar has been selected for the post of Information Commissioner. Uday Mahurkar worked as a deputy editor in India Today Group and is considered close to the Sangh Parivar.

Uday Mahurkar has also written a book on Prime Minister Modi titled “Merging with a Billion” and “Center Stage: Inside Narendra Modi”.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Central Information Commission Founded: 12 October 2005.
  • Central Information Commission Headquarters: New Delhi.

Agreement News

Microsoft & NSDC tie-up to empower 1 lakh women with digital skills

Microsoft has collaborated with the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) to impart digital skills to more than one lakh underserved women in India over the next ten months.

This initiative is an extension of Microsoft’s partnership with NSDC to provide digital skills to over 1 lakh youth in the country.

The programme will curate a series of live training sessions and digital skilling drives to help create opportunities for young girls and women, particularly first-time job seekers and those whose jobs may have been impacted by Covid-19, to join the future workforce.

IIT Kanpur, ASI sign MoU with Italian institutes for restoration of monuments

The Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (IIT-K) and the Archaeological Survey of India have signed an agreement with two institutions from Italy, seeking restoration and protection of historical monuments.

The MoU was signed among IIT-K, Ca’Foscari University of Venice, Soprintendenza Archeologia, Belle Arti E Paesaggio, Venice, on creating a network and sharing skills for restoration and protection of historical monuments.

All institutes have agreed to develop collaborative scientific study activities and sharing skills to restore and protect monuments on a reciprocal and equal basis.

All institutes shall seek to promote collaboration and activities in areas such as collaboration in scientific studies and skill sharing, the exchange of knowledge, experience, academic materials and publications, conducting workshops, undertaking joint field studies and technology development.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Archaeological Survey of India Director-General: V. Vidyavathi.
  • Archaeological Survey of India Headquarters: New Delhi.

Business News

BharatPe launches digital gold on its platform

A leading merchant payment network, BharatPe has announced the launch of digital gold on its platform.

The launch of this new category of fintech product is in line with the company’s commitment to offering the entire gamut of financial products to Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs).

BharatPe’s merchants will be able to buy and sell 99.5 per cent pure 24-carat gold. Merchants can choose to buy in rupees or grams, any time of the day and from anywhere, by using the BharatPe app.

To facilitate this, BharatPe has also partnered with Safegold, a digital platform that allows customers to buy, sell and receive vaulted gold.

SafeGold has appointed IDBI Trusteeship Services to protect the interest of merchants with regard to their gold purchases.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Chief Executive Officer of BharatPe: Ashneer Grover.
  • BharatPe Founded: 2018.

Defence News

Indian Army launches indigenous mobile application SAI

The Indian Army has launched a secured messaging application platform named ‘Secure Application for the Internet’ (SAI).

This mobile application for Android will support end-to-end secure voice, text and video calling services. This application is similar to applications like Telegram and WhatsApp.

SAI has been vetted by CERT-in empanelled auditor and Army Cyber Group. It also informed that the process for filing Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) hosting the infrastructure on NIC and working on iOS platform is currently in progress.

Ministry of Defence also informed that SAI will be used by pan Army to ensure securing messaging.

Upon reviewing the functionalities of the application, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh praised Col Sai Shankar for his skill and ingenuity for developing the application.


Science and Technology

NASA’s SOFIA discovers water on Sunlit Surface of Moon

Two new studies published in Nature Astronomy suggest there could be much more water than previously thought, including ice stored in permanently shadowed “cold traps” at lunar polar regions.

Using data from the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Airborne Telescope, researchers scanned the lunar surface at a more precise wavelength than had been used before — six microns instead of three. This allowed them to distinguish the spectral fingerprint of molecular water.

Previous research has found indications of water by scanning the surface, but these were unable to distinguish between water (H2O) and hydroxyl, a molecule made up of one hydrogen atom and one oxygen atom. But a new study provides further chemical proof that the Moon holds molecular water, even in sunlit areas.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • The administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Jim Bridenstine.
  • Headquarters of NASA: Washington D.C., United States.

Award News

Anzar Mustaeen Ali wins special prize in Global Art Competition

A six-year-old Bangladeshi boy, Anzar Mustaeen Ali won a special prize of USD 1000 for his artwork in the global art competition organised by the Indian Council of Cultural Relations (ICCR).

The ICCR had launched a global painting competition named ‘United Against CORONA- Express through Art’ which attracted 8000 artwork entries from around the world. After the first round of competition 210 artworks were shortlisted.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • ICCR President: Vinay Sahasrabuddhe
  • ICCR Headquarters: New Delhi
  • ICCR Director General: Shri Dinesh. K. Patnaik

Om Puri awarded Lifetime Achievement Award posthumously at IIFFB 2020

Late Indian actor, Om Puri was honoured with a Lifetime Achievement Award at the third edition of the India International Film Festival of Boston (IIFFB 2020).

The award was received by his wife Nandita Puri. The three-day film festival, based in Boston USA. Another highlight of the festival was a conversation with chef Vikas Khanna, recipient of the “Pride of India Award”.

Malayalam film “Kaanthi” bagged the Best Feature Film Award, while the Best Male Actor was won by Victor Banerjee for playing a priest in Josef: Born In Grace. The Best Female Actor went to Shylaja Ambu for Kaanthi at the Boston festival.

14th Asian Film Awards 2020 announced

The 14th edition of Asian Film Awards was organized by the Asian Film Awards Academy. Indian Movie Gully Boy has received the award for the Best Original Score at 14th Asian Film Awards.

The award went to Karsh Kale and The Salvage Audio Collective. Gully Boy has been directed by Zoya Akhtar. In Gully Boy, Ranveer Singh and Alia Bhatt played leading roles.

14th Asian Film Awards Winners List:

AwardName Winner
Best ActorLee Byung-hun – The Man Standing Next (South Korea)
Best ActressZhou Dongyu – Better Days (China)
Best CinematographyDong Jinsong – The Wild Goose Lake
Best Costume DesignerPacharin Surawatanapongs– Happy Old Year
Best DirectorWang Xiaoshuai for So Long, My Son (China)
Best EditingYang Jin-mo – Parasite
Best FilmParasite (South Korea)
Best NewcomerJackson Yee – Better Days
Best New DirectorHikari – 37 Seconds
Best Supporting ActorRyo Kase – To the Ends of the Earth
Best Supporting ActressKo Shu-chin – A Sun
Best ScreenplayBong Joon-ho, Han Jin-won – Parasite
Best Original MusicKarsh Kale, The Salvage Audio Collective – Gully Boy
Best Production DesignHa-jun Lee – Parasite
Best Visual EffectsTomi Kijo, Renovatio Pictures – Detention
Best SoundYoshifumi Kureishi – Listen to the Universe

Obituary

Former Gujarat CM Keshubhai Patel passes away

Former Chief Minister of Gujarat, Keshubhai Savdasbhai Patel passed away. He had served as the Chief Minister of the state for a few months in 1995 and then from March 1998 to October of 2001.

He was a six-time member of the Gujarat Legislative Assembly and was a part of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) till 2012.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.