Latest Current Affairs Daily Update

21st and 22nd Oct 2020 Current Affairs Headlines

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Important Days

International Chef’s Day

International Chefs Day is commemorated globally on 20 October. The motive behind to celebrate this day is to honour the noble profession and educate people around the world about eating healthy.

The theme of International Chefs Day 2020 campaign is Healthy Food for the Future. International Chefs Day was created by Dr Bill Gallagher, a renowned chef and the former president of the World Association of Chefs Societies (World Chefs), in 2004.

World Statistics Day

The third World Statistics Day is observed globally on 20 October 2020. The celebration of World Statistics Day 2020 is a global collaborative endeavour, organized under the guidance of the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The World Statistics Day 2020 theme “Connecting the world with data we can trust.” This theme reflects the importance of trust, authoritative data, innovation and the public good in national statistical systems.

World Osteoporosis Day

The World Osteoporosis Day (WOD) is observed globally on 20 October. The day is celebrated to raise global awareness of the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease. WOD is organized by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF), by the launch of a year-long campaign with a specific theme.

WOD aims to make osteoporosis and fracture prevention a global health priority by reaching out to health-care professionals, the media, policymakers, patients, and the public at large.

In 2020 the Global WOD Campaign theme is “THAT’S OSTEOPOROSIS”, highlighting emotionally impactful visuals and stories of real people living with osteoporosis in all regions of the world.

Useful notes for all competitive exams: 

  • International Osteoporosis Foundation Headquarters location: Nyon, Switzerland.
  • International Osteoporosis Foundation President: Cyrus Cooper.
  • International Osteoporosis Foundation Founded: 1998.

National Headlines

RPF launches “Meri Saheli” initiative on AP Express

Railway Protection Force (RPF), Visakhapatnam has started implementing ‘Meri Saheli’ initiative in AP Express (Visakhapatnam to New Delhi), in order to provide proactive security to women passengers.

The main motto of ‘Meri Saheli’ is to provide safety and security to women passengers travelling in trains throughout their journey.

A team of women Sub Inspectors and women constables of RPF will enter all coaches including ladies coaches and identify women passengers, who are travelling alone before the departure of the train.

These passengers will be briefed about all precautions to be taken during the journey and information about help no. 182 apart from giving contact numbers of RPF to contact in case of any issue.

IIT Madras startup launches “mooPay” for dairy farmers in Rajasthan

The IIT-Madras incubated dairy-tech startup, “Stellapps” has launched a first-of-its-kind, fully-automated direct payment platform, ‘mooPay’, for dairy farmers in Rajasthan.

The Digital technology solutions provider Stellapps is a first of its kind end-to-end dairy technology solutions company of India. It is also one of the technology pioneers of the World Economic Forum (WEF).

mooPay is a payment gateway for dairies and dairy farmers where the dairy officials can transfer milk payments digitally to member farmers from the dairies’ existing bank account to farmers’ savings bank account.

Directly depositing payments in farmers’ bank accounts will help enhance farmer savings and will also build farmer loyalty to the dairy.

This will remove the risks and costs of transferring money in cash to hundreds of thousands of farmers in hundreds of villages.

Useful notes for all competitive exams: 

  • Stellapps CEO: Ranjith Mukundan
  • Stellapps headquarters: Bengaluru, Karnataka.

Kati Bihu festival celebrated across Assam

Kati Bihu is one of the sets of three Bihu festivals (agricultural festivals) was celebrated in the state of Assam.

The Kati Bihu is also known as Kangali Bihu, the festival of the poor (the word “Kongal” means “poor”) is celebrated in mid-October when the crops are at growing stage and the granaries of the farmers are depleting.

The Kati Bihu is celebrated with the lamp called ‘Saki’ which is lit on the tips of bamboo poles in the fields which represents a guide to spirits and earthen lamps are lit in the garden, under the tulsi plants and in the granaries.

Useful notes for all competitive exams: 

  • Chief Minister of Assam: Sarbananda Sonowal; Governor: Prof. Jagdish Mukhi.

For women’s safety, Govt of UP launches “Safe City Project”

Uttar Pradesh (UP) Governor, Anandiben Patel has launched “Safe City Project” – a women’s safety campaign in Lucknow, UP.

The Project is a 180-day-long campaign under which police and other departments will work towards strengthening the security of women in public places.

The campaign will involve the movement of women police personnel to inculcate a feeling of pride and safety for women in Lucknow.

The UP Governor flagged off 100 pink scooters and 10 four-wheeler police vehicles as part of the campaign. The vehicles are equipped with first-aid kits, flashlights and other facilities.

Eight cities (Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad and Lucknow) have been identified for implementation of this project in the first phase.

Useful notes for all competitive exams: 

  • Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister: Yogi Adityanath.
  • Folk Dances of Uttar Pradesh: Kathak, Ramlila, Braj Raslila, Charkula, and Rasiya.

Odisha CM Naveen Patnaik launches ‘Mo Bidyut’ portal

Odisha Chief Minister, Naveen Patnaik has launched the electricity consumer service portal ”Mo Bidyut” and a mobile app through video conference.

The bilingual online electricity integrated consumer service portal www.mobidyut.com developed by the Energy Department and dedicated to the public under 5T (Teamwork, Transparency, Technology, Time leading to Transformation) initiative of the state government.

Through this people will now be able to avail efficient, time-bound, and transparent online service delivery.

Useful notes for all competitive exams: 

  • Chief Minister of Odisha: Naveen Patnaik.
  • Odisha Capital: Bhubaneswar.
  • Odisha Governor: Ganeshi Lal.
  • Airports in Orissa: Biju Patnaik International Airport, Jharsuguda Airport, Rourkela Airport, Jeypore Airport and Savitri Jindal Airport.

Nitin Gadkari laid the foundation stone of multi-modal logistic park in Assam

The Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways, Nitin Gadkari virtually laid the foundation stone for the first-ever multi-modal logistic park of India, at Jogighopa, in Bongaigaon district of Assam.

The logistic park will provide direct connectivity to air, road, rail and waterways to the people of Assam and other parts of North East.

The fund for the multi-modal logistics park would be spent in three components – road and railway connectivity as well as building and infrastructure work. It will also give employment to 20 lakh people.

The overall cost of this project is around Rs 693.97 Crore and is being developed under the Bharatmala Pariyojana of the Central Government.

Useful notes for all competitive exams: 

  • Chief Minister of Assam: Sarbananda Sonowal; Governor: Prof. Jagdish Mukhi.
  • Folk Dance of Assam: Bihu dance, Bagurumba, Bhortal Dance, Jhumur dance.

ADB and India approved USD 177 million loan for Maharashtra

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Government of India have signed a loan agreement worth USD 177 million, to upgrade 450 km of state highways and major district roads in Maharashtra.

The project aims to improve connectivity between rural areas and urban centres in the state to enable rural communities to have better access to markets, employment opportunities and services, which in turn will expand development and livelihood opportunities outside of the state’s major urban centres to second-tier cities and towns thus reducing income disparities.

Useful notes for all competitive exams: 

  • Chief Minister of Maharashtra: Uddhav Thackeray; Governor: Bhagat Singh Koshyari.
  • Folk Dance of Maharashtra: Lavani, Koli Dance, Lezim, Pavri Nach.
  • President of Asian Development Bank: Masatsugu Asakawa.
  • Asian Development Bank Headquarters: Mandaluyong, Philippines.
  • Asian Development Bank Founded: 19 December 1966.

International Headlines

Singapore becomes 1st country to use facial recognition to pay taxes

Singapore became the World’s First Country to attach Facial verification in the National Identification Database. The function is called “SingPass Face Verification”.

This technology is being rolled out to the city-state’s SingPass digital identity scheme, offering access to no less than 400 online services, including tax declarations and public housing applications.

According to the Singapore authorities, the technology helps ensure that the right person is genuinely present in front of their screen, rather than a photograph, a video, a replayed recording.

Useful notes for all competitive exams: 

  • Prime Minister of Singapore: Lee Hsien Loong.
  • Singapore Capital: Singapore City.
  • Singapore Currency: Singapore Dollar.

Banking Headlines

IDBI Bank launches banking services on WhatsApp

IDBI Bank announced the launch of banking services on WhatsApp. The WhatsApp Banking service is being offered through a dedicated WhatsApp verified number ensuring end-to-end encryption, the Bank stated.

The facility will enable IDBI Bank customers to avail various essential services such as account balance information, last five transactions, request for a cheque book and an email statement, interest rates, as well as details of IDBI Bank branches/ATMs in the vicinity, to begin with.

Useful notes for all competitive exams: 

  • IDBI Bank Headquarters: Mumbai, Maharashtra.
  • IDBI Bank CEO: Rakesh Sharma.

Defence Headlines

India successfully test-fires “SANT” Missile off Odisha coast

India successfully flight-tested its indigenously developed Stand-off Anti-tank (SANT) missile from Integrated Test Range (ITR) off Odisha coast.

The missile was test-fired from a roof-top launcher of the ground-based platform. It is an upgraded version of the anti-tank missile, Helicopter Launched Nag (HeliNa). This was the 11th missile test-fired by India within one and a half month.

SANT is an air-to-surface missile developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for the Indian Air Force. The SANT missile has both lock-on before launch and lock-on after launch capability and can destroy targets 15 km to 20 km away.

Australia to join Malabar-2020 Naval Exercise with India, US & Japan

India has invited Australia to participate in its trilateral naval exercise “Malabar-2020” which is scheduled to be held in November 2020, in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.

In 2020, the exercise will be held in a ‘non-contact – at sea’ format. It aims to increase cooperation and enhance safety and security in the maritime security domain.

The Malabar series of naval exercises began in 1992 as a bilateral exercise between the Indian Navy-US Navy. Later, Japan joined the Naval exercise in 2015.

It must be remembered that US-India-Japan and Australia are already the part of the “Quad” alliance.

Useful notes for all competitive exams: 

  • Chief of Naval Staff: Admiral Karambir Singh.
  • Indian Navy Founded: 26 January 1950.

Awards

ISA Solar Awards conferred for the first time

For the first time, since the inception of the framework agreement of ISA, the Solar Awards were presented during the third Assembly of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) to the countries of the region as well as institutions working for solar.

  • Visvesvaraya award: Japan for the Asia Pacific region and the Netherlands for Europe and Others region.
  • Kalpana Chawla awards: Dr Bhim Singh from IIT Delhi (India) and Dr Aaesha Alnuaimi from Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (United Arab Emirates).
  • Diwakar award: Arpan Institute (Haryana) and Arushi Society.

Useful notes for all competitive exams: 

  • ISA Headquarters Location: Gurgram, Haryana.
  • ISA Leader: Upendra Tripathy.

Ranks & Reports

India 4th most powerful country in Asia Power Index 2020

India has been ranked at 4th position, with a score of 39.7 out of 100, in the Asia Power Index 2020, released by the Sydney-based Lowy Institute.

The Asia Power Index 2020 ranks 26 countries and territories to assess the relative power of states in Asia.

The United States has retained its position as the most powerful country influencing the Asia-Pacific with a score of 81.6. It is followed by China (76.1) and Japan (41) at second and third spot respectively.

The annual Asia Power Index is an analytical tool that ranks countries in terms of what they have, and what they do with what they have (resources and influence) to have dominant power in Asia.

India ranked 2nd in OECD International Migration Outlook report

India has acquired the second rank in terms of the number of migrants going to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries and acquiring the citizenship of those countries.

China retained its top spot with 4.3 lakh migrants, which was 1 per cent lower than the 2019 report.

This is the 44th edition of the annual report. The data was released by the OECD in its 2020 edition of the annual International Migration Outlook report, which analyses the recent developments in migration movements and policies in its countries.

From India, 3.3 lakh migrants moved, and this is 10 per cent more than the last edition. Romania emerged as the third-largest exporter of human capital to these countries. Paris-based OECD is an association of 37 developed countries which often attract immigrants for work opportunities, education and asylum.


Sports

Nozomi Okuhara and Anders Antonsen wins Denmark Open 2020

In Badminton, former World Champion Nozomi Okuhara of Japan clinched the Denmark Open 2020 title beating three-time world champion Carolina Marin in women’s singles.

In the men’s singles final, world number seven Anders Antonsen of Denmark defeated his compatriot Rasmus Gemke.

Winners List:

CategoryName of the Sportsperson
Women’s SingleNozomi Okuhara (Japan)
Men’s SingleAnders Antonsen (Denmark)
Men’s DoubleMarcus Ellis and Chris Langridge (England)
Women’s DoubleYuki Fukushima and Sayaka Hirota (Japan)
Mixed DoubleMark Lamsfuss and Isabel Herttrich (Germany)

India’s Elavenil Valarivan wins gold in International Air Rifle Championship

In Shooting, the world number one Elavenil Valarivan of India won the gold medal in women’s event of the 2020 Sheikh Russel International Air Rifle Championship.

The event was organised by Bangladesh Shooting Sport Federation (BSSF). Japan’s Naoya Okada won the gold in the men’s event, while India’s Shahu Tushar Mane bagged a silver.

The event was a 60-shots competition in which shooters from six nations participated which included Bangladesh, India, Japan, Korea, Indonesia and Bhutan.

Useful notes for all competitive exams: 

  • Prime Minister of Bangladesh: Sheikh Hasina; Capital: Dhaka; Currency: Taka.

Science and Technology

Nokia selected by NASA to build 4G LTE Mobile Network on the Moon

Nokia has been selected by NASA to build the first cellular network on the moon. NASA aims to return humans to the moon by 2024 and dig in for a long-term presence there under its Artemis programme.

The first wireless broadband communications system in space would be built on the lunar surface in late 2022.

Useful notes for all competitive exams: 

  • The administrator of National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Jim Bridenstine.
  • Headquarters of NASA: Washington D.C., United States.
  • Chairman of Nokia Corporation: Sari Baldauf.
  • Nokia Headquarters: Espoo, Finland.

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