Latest Current Affairs Daily Update

07th and 08th April 2021 Current Affairs in English

Important Days

International Day of Sport for Development and Peace: 6 April

The United Nations celebrates the 6th of April every year as the International Day of Sport for Development and Peace. Sport has historically played an important role in all societies, be it in the form of competitive sport, physical activity or play. Sports also presents a natural partnership for the United Nations (UN) system.

Sport can help promote fairness, team building, equality, inclusion and perseverance. Sport and physical activity can also help us get through times of crisis, like COVID-19, by reducing anxieties and improving physical and mental health.

The professional sport also provides employment and income to many people around the world and an integral sector to the economic success of many communities and regions.

Nation celebrates 58th edition of National Maritime Day

National Maritime Day in India is observed on 5 April every year. This year is the 58th edition of the National Maritime Day. The National Maritime Day is celebrated every year day to illustrate the awareness in supporting intercontinental commerce and the global economy as the most well-organized, safe and sound, environmentally responsive approach of transporting goods from one corner to another corner of the world.

The National Maritime Day was first celebrated on April 5, 1964. The saga of India shipping first started on April 5, 1919, when the SS Loyalty, the first ship of The Scindia Steam Navigation Company Ltd travelled from Mumbai to the United Kingdom (London). On this day an award called “Varuna” is conferred to those who made an outstanding contribution to the Indian maritime sector.

World Health Day observed globally on 7 April

The World Health Day is a global health awareness day celebrated on 7 April every year. On April 7th every year, governmental as well as non-governmental health organizations organize events that focus on promoting healthier habits of living.

From exciting activities to pledges and support plans, these events aim to create awareness about what can increase people’s life expectancy around the world. The Theme of World Health Day 2021: “Building a fairer, healthier world for everyone”.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • President of the World Health Organisation: Tedros Adhanom.
  • Headquarters of WHO: Geneva, Switzerland.
  • WHO founded: 7 April 1948.

International Day of Reflection on the 1994 Rwanda Genocide

International Day of Reflection on the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda observed globally on 7 April every year.

The International Day of Reflection on the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda was announced by the United General Assembly in 2003.

On April 7th, the date where the genocide against members of the Tutsi began. For approximately 100 days, over 800,000 Tutsi were assassinated.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • UNESCO formation: 4 November 1946.
  • UNESCO Headquarters: Paris, France.
  • UNESCO Director-General: Audrey Azoulay.

National News

India completes arch of world’s highest railway bridge in J&K

The construction of the arch of the world’s highest railway bridge that soars 359 metres above the bed of the Chenab river in Jammu and Kashmir was completed.

The 1.3-kilometre-long bridge aims to boost connectivity to the Kashmir Valley and it is being constructed at a cost of ₹ 1,486 crores as part of the Udhampur-Srinagar-Baramulla Railway Link (USBRL) project.

Features of the Arch of the iconic Chenab Bridge:

  • The construction of the Chenab bridge was declared as a national project in 2002.
  • Indian Railways is constructing the iconic Arch Bridge on River Chenab as a part of the USBRL project to connect the Kashmir valley to the rest of the nation.
  • This bridge is 1315m long.
  • This is the highest Railway Bridge in the world being 359m above the river bed level.
  • The most sophisticated ‘Tekla’ software used for structural detailing.
  • Structural steel was suitable for -10°C to 40°C temperature.
  • Bridge designed to withstand high wind speed up to 266 Km/Hour.

International News

Carl Bildt appointed WHO special envoy for ACT-Accelerator

Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the director-general of the World Health Organization (WHO), appointed Carl Bildt as WHO Special Envoy for the Access to COVID-19 Tools Accelerator (ACT-Accelerator).

Bildt succeeds Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala and Andrew Witty in the special envoy role. He will help lead the collective advocacy for the ACT-Accelerator in his new role, mobilising support and resources so it can deliver against its strategy for 2021.

The ACT-Accelerator is a groundbreaking global collaboration to accelerate development, production, and equitable access to novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) tests, treatments and vaccines, according to the WHO website.

It brings together governments, scientists, businesses, civil society, and philanthropists and global health organizations.

These include the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, CEPI, FIND, Gavi, The Global Fund, Unitaid, Wellcome, the WHO and the World Bank.


Appointments News

RBI deputy governor BP Kanungo retires

BP Kanungo has stepped down from the post of the deputy governor of the Reserve Bank of India after his term ended on 2 April, cutting short all expectations of an extension of his tenure.

He was appointed deputy governor in 2017 for three years. His term was extended by one more year in 2020. The other deputy governors of the RBI are Rajeshwar Rao, M.K. Jain and Michael Patra.

Shabir Khandwawala appointed new BCCI ACU chief

Shabir Hussein Shekhadam Khandwawala, who has served as the Gujarat Director General of Police (DGP) before, is the new BCCI Anti-Corruption Unit chief.

The 70-year-old, a 1973 batch IPS officer, takes over from Ajit Singh whose tenure ended on March 31.

After retiring as Gujarat DGP in late 2010, Khandwawala worked with the Essar Group as an advisor and was also part of the central government’s Lokpal Search Committee.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Secretary of BCCI: Jay Shah.
  • President of BCCI: Sourav Ganguly.
  • Headquarters of BCCI: Mumbai, Maharashtra; Founded: December 1928.

Justice N V Ramana to assume charge as next CJI

The senior-most Supreme Court judge Justice Nuthalapati Venkata Ramana has been appointed as the next Chief Justice of India (CJI).

Justice Ramana would succeed incumbent CJI Sharad Arvind Bobde to take over as the 48th CJI. He would assume charge of the office from April 24, 2021, till August 26, 2022.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Supreme Court of India Established: 26 January 1950.

Cabinet Appoints Tarun Bajaj as new Revenue Secretary

The Central Government has approved the appointment of Tarun Bajaj as the new Revenue Secretary under the Ministry of Finance.

Prior to this, Bajaj, a 1988 batch Haryana-cadre IAS officer, was serving as the Economic Affairs Secretary since April 30, 2020.

The cabinet has also approved the appointment of Ajay Seth, a 1987 batch Karnataka-cadre IAS officer, as new Economic Affairs Secretary in place of Bajaj.

Chintan Vaishnav appointed as Mission Director of Atal Innovation Mission

Noted socio-technologist, Dr Chintan Vaishnav has been appointed the mission director of Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), the government’s flagship initiative under NITI Aayog.

Vaishnav will take over from Ramanathan Ramanan later this month. Ramanan has been leading AIM as its first mission director since June 2017.

Vaishnav is currently at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), US. He holds a PhD in technology, management, and policy from MIT.


Business News

World Bank, AIIB approve loan for USD 300 million projects to Punjab

The World Bank and Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) have approved the loan for USD 300 million (about Rs 2,190 crore) canal-based drinking water projects in Punjab. The project is aimed at ensuring quality drinking water and minimise water losses for Amritsar and Ludhiana.

The entire project will be co-financed by IBRD (World Bank) – USD 105 million, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank – USD 105 million and the Punjab government – USD 90 million.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • President of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank: Jin Liqun.
  • Headquarters of AIIB: Beijing, China.
  • AIIB established: 16 January 2016.
  • Punjab CM: Captain Amarinder Singh.
  • Punjab Governor: V.P.Singh Badnore.

World Bank approves USD 32 million projects to Mizoram

The World Bank Board of Executive Directors has approved a USD 32 million projects to improve management capacity and quality of health services in Mizoram.

The project titled “Mizoram Health Systems Strengthening Project” will strengthen the governance and the management structure of the Mizoram Health department and its subsidiaries.

This project will support the state government’s efforts to deliver quality healthcare for the poor and vulnerable and those located in remote areas.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • World Bank Headquarters: Washington, D.C., United States.
  • World Bank Formation: July 1944.
  • World Bank President: David Malpass.
  • Chief Minister of Mizoram: Pu Zoramthanga; Governor: P.S. Sreedharan Pillai.

Defence News

DRDO develops Advanced Chaff Technology to safeguard naval ships

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed an Advanced Chaff Technology to safeguard naval ships against missile attack.

The development of Advanced Chaff Technology by the DRDO lab is another step towards Atmanirbhar Bharat.

Chaff is a passive expendable electronic countermeasure technology used worldwide to protect naval ships from enemy’s radar and Radio Frequency (RF) missile seekers.

The importance of this development lies in the fact that a very less quantity of chaff material deployed in the air acts as a decoy to deflect the enemy’s missiles for the safety of the ships.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Chairman DRDO: Dr G Satheesh Reddy.
  • DRDO Headquarters: New Delhi.
  • DRDO Established: 1958.

Economy News

IMF revises GDP growth forecast of India to 12.5% for FY22

International Monetary Fund (IMF) has raised its growth forecast for the Indian economy by 100 basis points to 12.5 per cent for the fiscal year 2021-22. GDP growth for FY23 is pegged at 6.9 per cent.

The revised forecast was published in the IMF’s World Economic Outlook. India is the only country among major world economies that is projected to grow at a double-digit rate during FY22.

RBI Monetary Policy: Policy Rate unchanged

The six-member monetary policy committee of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) headed by Governor Shaktikanta Das, has decided to keep key lending rates unchanged for the fifth consecutive time, in its April 2021 policy review meeting held between April 5 to 7, 2021.

The Reserve Bank of India is likely to keep policy rates unchanged amid the uncertainty created by a fresh surge in coronavirus infections.

The key decisions taken in the Monetary Policy Committee meeting are:

  • Policy Repo Rate: 4.00%
  • Reverse Repo Rate: 3.35%
  • Marginal Standing Facility Rate: 4.25%
  • Bank Rate: 4.25%
  • CRR: 3%
  • SLR: 18.00%

Ranks and Reports

Jeff Bezos tops Forbes’ Annual Billionaire list fourth year in a row

The Amazon.com Inc founder, Jeff Bezos has topped Forbes’ annual world’s billionaires list for the fourth consecutive year. India’s richest billionaire Mukesh Ambani ranked at 10th position with a total net worth of USD 84.5 billion.

The 35th edition Forbes World’s Billionaires list was released on April 06, 2021, comprising a record-breaking 2,755 billionaires. The list is prepared based on the wealth using stock prices and exchange rates from March 5, 2021.

Top five billionaires on the list :

RankNameCompanyNet Worth in USD ($)
 1Jeff BezosAmazon177 billion
 2Elon MuskTesla, SpaceX151 billion
 3Bernard ArnaultLVMH150 billion
 4Bill GatesMicrosoft124 billion
 5Mark ZuckerbergFacebook97 billion
  6Mukesh AmbaniReliance Industries84.5 billion

Schemes News

TRIFED launches “Sankalp se Siddhi”- Village and Digital Connect Drive

Tribal Co-operative Marketing Federation of India (TRIFED) has launched Sankalp Se Siddhi – Village & Digital Connect Drive. It is a 100-day drive which was started on the 1st of April.

The drive entails 150 teams visiting 10 villages each of which 10 in each region from TRIFED & State Implementation Agencies, visiting 10 villages each.

The main aim of this drive is to activate the Van Dhan Vikas Kendras. Ministry of Tribal Affairs in a statement said that 100 villages in each region and 1500 villages in the country will be covered in the next 100 days.

They will also identify tribal artisans and other groups and empanel them as suppliers so that they can have access to larger markets through the Tribes India network – both physical outlets and TribesIndia.com.

It is expected that Sankalp Se Siddhi will aid in effecting a complete transformation of the tribal ecosystem across the country.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Minister of Tribal Affairs: Arjun Munda.

Awards News

Alfred Aho Wins the 2020 ACM Turing Award

Lawrence Gussman Professor Emeritus of Computer Science, Alfred V. Aho has won the 2020 Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) A.M. Turing Award, known informally as the “Nobel Prize of computing.” Aho shares the award with his long-time collaborator Jeffrey David Ullman.

The Turing Award carries a $1 million prize, with financial support provided by Google, Inc. It is named for Alan M. Turing, the British mathematician who articulated the mathematical foundation and limits of computing.

Suman Chakraborty to get 30th GD Birla Award for Scientific Research

Professor Suman Chakraborty has been selected for the 30th GD Birla Award for Scientific Research for his outstanding contribution to engineering science and its applications in developing technologies for affordable healthcare. He is a faculty member at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur’s department of mechanical engineering.

Instituted in 1991, the award recognises eminent Indian scientists below the age of 50 for their original and outstanding contributions to any branch of science or technology. It carries a cash prize of ₹5 lakh.

The recipient is chosen by a selection board, whose present head is professor Chandrima Shaha, the president of the Indian National Science Academy (INSA).


Sports News

Tashkent to host 2023 AIBA Men’s World Boxing Championships

President of the International Boxing Association (AIBA) Umar Kremlev during his visit to Uzbekistan officially announced that AIBA Men’s World Boxing Championships will take place in Tashkent in 2023.

The city of Tashkent is awarded the 2023 AIBA Men’s World Boxing Championships after the successful bid presentation by the Boxing Federation of Uzbekistan. The AIBA Board of Directors voted in favour of the major event candidate city.

Useful notes for all competitive exams:

  • Uzbekistan Capital: Tashkent.
  • Uzbekistan President: Shavkat Mirziyoyev.
  • Uzbekistan Currency: Uzbekistani soʻm.

Hurkacz beats Sinner to win Miami Open

Hubert Hurkacz of Poland won his career’s biggest title by beating 19-year-old Jannik Sinner of Italy 7-6 (4), 6-4 in the Miami Open final. Hurkacz became his country’s first Masters 1000 champion.

The world number 37 is the lowest-ranked player to win a Masters event since Tomas Berdych in Paris in 2005.


Obituary

Malayalam screenwriter P. Balachandran passes away

Malayalam screenwriter, filmmaker, dramatist and actor, P. Balachandran has passed away. He is best known for the play Paavam Usman for which he won the Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award and Kerala Professional Nataka Award in the year 1989.

Balachandran has scripted many films including Ulladakkam (1991), Pavithram (1994), Agnidevan (1995), Punaradhivasam (2000), and Kammatti Paadam (2016). His directorial debut is Ivan Megharoopan (2012). He has also acted in a few films, the most notable being Trivandrum Lodge (2012).

Former Union Minister and Gujarat MLA Digvijaysinh Zala passes away

Former Union Environment Minister and an MLA from Wankaner in Gujarat, Digvijaysinh Zala has passed away.

The veteran Congress leader became the first Environment Minister of India under the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi from 1982 to 1984.

Gita Press president Radheshyam Khemka passes away

The president of Gita Press, Radheshyam Khemka, passed away. He is credited for taking the Sanatan literature to the masses.

Khemka for 38 years was the editor of the prominent ‘Kalyan’ magazine printed at the press. He last edited the magazine’s April 2021 issue. Gita Press is the world’s largest publisher of Hindu religious texts.


 282 total views,  5 views today

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.