The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: May Month– Day 20

ANGUISH (noun) : पीड़ा

  • Meaning: severe mental or physical pain or suffering.
  • अर्थ: गंभीर मानसिक या शारीरिक पीड़ा या पीड़ा।
  • Synonyms: agony, pain, torment, torture, suffering
  • Antonyms: happiness, contentment
  • Example: Nothing can take away the anguish of losing a child.

FRET (Verb) : झल्लाहट

  • Meaning: cause anxiety to.
  • अर्थ: चिंता का कारण।
  • Synonyms: trouble, bother, concern, perturb, disturb, disquiet,
  • Antonyms: comfort
  • Example:  Don’t let sorrow fret away your courage.

RECUPERATE (Verb) : स्वस्थ हो जाना

  • Meaning: recover from illness or exertion.
  • अर्थ: बीमारी या परिश्रम से उबरना।
  • Synonyms:  recover, convalesce,  improve, mend
  • Antonyms: deteriorate, hurt
  • Example: Other mammals and birds recuperate or grow to maturity in outdoor enclosures.

PRAGMATIC(Adjective) : व्यावहारिक

  • Meaning: practical, useful
  • अर्थ: व्यावहारिक, उपयोगी
  • Synonyms: realistic, hardheaded
  • Antonyms: impractical, unreasonable
  • Example: It’s not necessarily more pragmatic to study engineering than it is to study philosophy.

REFUTE(Verb) : खंडन

  • Meaning: to prove to be untrue, unfounded, or incorrect
  • अर्थ: असत्य, निराधार या गलत साबित होने के लिए
  • Synonyms: counter, expose
  • Antonyms: agree, aid
  • Example: The student refuted the professor’s claim in class.

UNFLINCHING (Adjective) : बेहिचक

  • Meaning: showing no signs of slackening or yielding in one’s purpose
  • अर्थ: किसी के उद्देश्य में ढील का कोई संकेत नहीं दिखना
  • Synonym: determined, dogged, grim, implacable, relentless, unappeasable
  • Antonym: slackening, softening, yielding
  • Usage: He was unflinching in his determination to see that justice was done.

FERVOUR (Noun) : जोश

  • Meaning: great warmth and earnestness of feeling
  • अर्थ: भावना की बड़ी गर्मजोशी और ईमानदारी
  • Synonym: ardor, passion, zeal.
  • Antonym: impassiveness, impassivity, insensibility, insensibleness
  • Usage: Surprised by the fervor that her parents’ old love letters contained when she discovered them in the attic.

INVIGORATE(Verb) : सबल बनाना

  • Meaning: to give life, vigor, or spirit to
  • अर्थ: जीवन, जोश या भावना देना
  • Synonym: amp (up), animate, brace, energize, enliven, fillip, fire
  • Antonym: damp, dampen, deaden, dull, kill
  • Usage: The fresh air and sunshine invigorated the children after a long winter indoors.

DEROGATORY(Adjective) : अपमानजनक 

  • Meaning: showing a critical or disrespectful attitude.
  • अर्थ: आलोचनात्मक या अपमानजनक रवैया दिखाना।
  • Synonyms: disparaging, slighting, pejorative, belittling
  • Antonyms: complimentary, appreciative, favorable, flattering
  • Usage:  He made some derogatory comment/remark about her appearance.

INFIRM(Adjective) : कमजोर

  • Meaning: ill or needing care, especially for long periods and often because of old age
  • अर्थ: बीमार या देखभाल की आवश्यकता, विशेष रूप से लंबे समय तक और अक्सर बुढ़ापे के कारण
  • Synonyms: ailing, ill
  • Antonyms: healthy, strong
  • Usage:  She was too elderly and infirm to remain at home.

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