The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: May Month– Day 15

ARCHETYPAL (adjective) : मूल आदर्श-विषयक

  • Meaning: very typical of a certain kind of person or thing.
  • अर्थ: एक निश्चित प्रकार के व्यक्ति या बात का बहुत विशिष्ट।
  • Synonyms: conventional, exemplary, stereotypical, prototypical.
  • Antonyms: atypical, unorthodox, unusual, odd.
  • Example: The teacher who won educator of the year is a role model for other teachers and is viewed as the archetype of educators.

FAWNING (adjective) : चापलूस

  • Meaning: displaying exaggerated flattery or affection; obsequious.
  • अर्थ: अतिरंजित चापलूसी या स्नेह प्रदर्शित करना; चापलूस।
  • Synonyms: sycophantic, ingratiating, subservient, cajoling.
  • Antonyms: imperious, domineering, peremptory, opinionated.
  • Example: Because Larry really wants a promotion, he spends a great deal of time fawning over his boss.

PERJURY (Noun) : मिथ्या शपथ

  • Meaning: the offence of wilfully telling an untruth or making a misrepresentation under oath.
  • अर्थ: शपथ के तहत जानबूझकर असत्य बताने या गलत बयानी करने का अपराध।
  • Synonym: violation of an oath, giving false evidence/testimony, bearing false witness/testimony, forswearing oneself, making false statements, wilful falsehood
  • Example: The mother who lied about her son’s whereabouts will soon face trial for perjury.

CHRONIC (Adjective) : पुरानी

  • Meaning: continuing or occurring again and again for a long time,  happening or existing frequently or most of the time, always or often doing something specified
  • अर्थ: लंबे समय तक बार-बार जारी रहना या घटित होना, लगातार या अधिकतर समय, हमेशा या अक्सर कुछ किया जाना
  • Synonym: natural; persistent, regular,
  • Antonym: unaccustomed, unused; intermittent, occasional
  • Example: He suffers from chronic arthritis.

ADJUDICATE (Verb) : निर्णय करना

  • Meaning: to make an official decision about who is right in a dispute
  • अर्थ: किसी विवाद में कौन सही है, इस बारे में आधिकारिक निर्णय लेना
  • Synonym: adjudge, judge, arbitrate, decide, determine
  • Example: You should never adjudicate a major decision when you are under the influence of alcohol.

 COGNIZANCE(noun) : हस्तक्षेप, संज्ञान

  • Meaning: To take notice of and consider something, especially when judging
  • अर्थ: किसी चीज पर ध्यान देना और विचार करना, विशेषकर न्याय करते समय
  • Synonyms: Awareness, Familiarity
  • Antonyms: Unfamiliar, Ignorance
  • Example: The lawyer asked the jury to take cognizance of the defendant’s generosity in giving to charity.

VOLITANT(adjective) : तेजी से उड़ना

  • Meaning: flying or moving about rapidly
  • अर्थ: तेजी से उड़ना या बढ़ना
  • Synonyms: floating, soaring
  • Antonyms: slow, grounded
  • Example: Volitant birds have taken over the beach and quickly fly about the area looking for food.

DOWNTRODDEN (adjective) : लताड़ा हुआ

  • Meaning: Oppressed or treated badly by people in power.
  • अर्थ: सत्ता में बैठे लोगों द्वारा किया गया अत्याचार या बुरा व्यवहार।
  • Synonyms: persecuted, exploited, repressed, tyrannized.
  • Antonyms: protected, respected, guarded, favored.
  • Example: His claim to be a representative of the downtrodden masses is, of course, completely bogus.

INCONCEIVABLE(adjective) : अचिंतनीय

  • Meaning: not capable of being imagined or grasped mentally; unbelievable.
  • अर्थ: मानसिक रूप से कल्पना या समझ होने में सक्षम नहीं; अविश्वसनीय।
  • Synonyms: implausible, improbable, incredible, incogitable.
  • Antonyms: plausible, reasonable, tenable, conceivable.
  • Example: When I looked at my outrageous hospital bill, I blinked at the inconceivable amount.

DILATORY (adjective) : धीमा

  • Meaning: slow to act
  • अर्थ: कार्य करने में धीमा
  • Synonyms: sluggish, slothful, lax, slack.
  • Antonyms: fast, prompt, brisk, quick.
  • Example: They were dilatory in providing the researchers with information.

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