English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: May Month – Day 1

1) Paramount (Adjective) – आला दर्जे का

Meaning: more important than anything else; supreme.

Synonyms: supreme, chief, overriding

Antonyms: least, last, inferior

Usage: “the interests of the child are of paramount importance”


2) Repudiated (Verb) – अस्वीकार करना

Meaning: refuse to accept; reject.

Synonyms: reject, renounce, abandon

Antonyms:embrace

Usage: “she has repudiated policies associated with previous party leaders”


3) Presumption (Noun) – उपधारणा

Meaning: behaviour perceived as arrogant, disrespectful, and transgressing the limits of what is permitted or appropriate.

Synonyms: brazenness, audacity, boldness

Antonyms:certainty, fact, humility

Usage: “he lifted her off the ground, and she was enraged at his presumption”


4) Laudatory (Adjective) – प्रशंसा, बधाई

Meaning: expressing praise and commendation.

Synonyms: complimentary, congratulatory, praising

Antonyms: disparaging, damning

Usage: “enthusiastic and laudatory articles”


5) Buttress (Verb)– मजबूत या सुदृढ़ करना

Meaning: increase the strength of or justification for; reinforce.

Synonyms: strengthen, reinforce, fortify

Antonyms: weaken, let down, undermine

Usage: “authority was buttressed by religious belief”


6) Adherent (Noun) – अनुयायी, समर्थक

Meaning: someone who supports a particular party, person, or set of ideas.

Synonyms: follower, supporter, upholder

Antonyms: opponent

Usage: “he was a strong adherent of monetarism”


7) Incitement (Noun) – उत्तेजना

Meaning: the action of provoking unlawful behaviour or urging someone to behave unlawfully.

Synonyms: urging, goading, spurring on

Antonyms: suppression, discouragement

Usage: “this amounted to an incitement to commit murder”


8) Dispensation (Noun) – छूट, प्रतिरक्षा

Meaning: exemption from a rule or usual requirement.

Synonyms: exemption, immunity, exception

Antonyms: responsibility, liability, obligation

Usage:”although she was too young, she was given special dispensation to play before her birthday”


9)Endorsement (Noun) – परांकन

Meaning: the action of endorsing someone or something.

Synonyms:support, backing, approval

Antonyms: opposition

Usage: “the issue of full independence received overwhelming endorsement”


10) Surpassed (Verb) – अधिक होना

Meaning: exceed; be greater than.

Synonyms: excel, be better than, be superior to

Antonyms: lost, succumbed, capitulated

Usage: “pre-war levels of production were surpassed in 1929”


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