The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Jan Month– Day 20

1) Shrug (Verb) – उचकाना

Meaning: dismiss something as unimportant.

Synonyms: disregard, dismiss, take no notice of

Antonyms: nod, agree, assent

Usage: “the managing director shrugged off the criticism”

2) Retaliation (Noun) – प्रतिकार

Meaning: the action of returning a military attack; counter-attack.

Synonyms: revenge, vengeance, reprisal

Antonyms:forgiveness, pardon, sympathy

Usage: “the bombings are believed to be in retaliation for the trial of 15 suspects”

3) Escalation (Noun)- वृद्धि

Meaning: a rapid increase; a rise.

Synonyms: rapid increase, rise, hike

Antonyms:plunge, relaxation

Usage: “cost escalations”

4) Formidable (Adjective) – दुर्जेय

Meaning: inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capable.

Synonyms: intimidating, forbidding, redoubtable

Antonyms: pleasant-looking, comforting, easy

Usage: “a formidable opponent”

5) Catastrophic (Adjective) – विपत्तिपूर्ण

Meaning: extremely unfortunate or unsuccessful.

Synonyms: disastrous, calamitous, cataclysmic

Antonyms: fortunate, beneficial

Usage: “catastrophic mismanagement of the economy”

6) Cede (Verb) – आत्मसमर्पण करना

Meaning: give up (power or territory).

Synonyms: surrender, concede, relinquish

Antonyms: keep, gain

Usage: “in 1874, the islands were ceded to Britain”

7) Tangible (Adjective) – मूर्त

Meaning: perceptible by touch.

Synonyms: touchable, palpable, tactile

Antonyms: intangible

Usage: “the atmosphere of neglect and abandonment was almost tangible”

8) Slumped (Verb) – भारी और सीमित रूप से गिरना

Meaning: sit, lean, or fall heavily and limply.

Synonyms: sit heavily, flop, flump

Antonyms: stand up, sit up

Usage:”she slumped against the cushions”

9) Belie (Verb) – सच्चा प्रभाव देने में विफल होना

Meaning: fail to give a true impression of (something).

Synonyms:contradict, be at odds with, call into question

Antonyms: testify to, reveal

Usage: “his lively, alert manner belied his years”

10) Posited (Verb)  – प्रस्तुत करना

Meaning: put forward as fact or as a basis for argument.

Synonyms: postulate, put forward, advance

Antonyms: addressed, discussed, explored

Usage: “the Confucian view posits a perfectible human nature”

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