The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Sep Month – Day 5

VERNACULAR (noun) :  स्थानीय भाषा

  • Meaning: used in or suitable for speech and not formal writing.
  • अर्थ: भाषण के लिए इस्तेमाल किया या उपयुक्त और औपचारिक लेखन नहीं।
  • Synonyms: colloquial, jargon, argot, patois.
  • Antonyms: standard, undialectical, genteel, formal.
  • Usage: While the author never stated the novel’s setting, the vernacular of the characters identified the location as somewhere in Asia.

SACK (verb) : निकाल देना

  • Meaning: dismiss from employment.
  • अर्थ: रोजगार से खारिज करना।
  • Synonyms: bounce, discharge, dismiss, terminate,
  • Antonyms: recruit, employ, engage, hire.
  • Usage: Any official found to be involved would be sacked on the spot.

SUBTERRANEAN (adjective) : गुप्त

  • Meaning: secret; concealed.
  • अर्थ: गुप्त; गुप्त।
  • Synonyms: covert, subversive, sunken, private.
  • Antonyms: aboveground, surface, open, palpable.
  • Usage: The robbers are digging a subterranean path that will allow them to enter the bank from underneath the vault’s floor.

SUBVERT (verb) : व्‍यवस्‍था भंग करना

  • Meaning: undermine the power and authority of (an established system or institution).
  • अर्थ: (एक स्थापित प्रणाली या संस्था) की शक्ति और अधिकार को कमजोर करना।
  • Synonyms: destabilize, unsettle, overthrow, depose.
  • Antonyms: dignify, exalt, honor, ameliorate.
  • Usage: She subverted my noble desire to do a good deed without reward.

CLINCH (verb) : कसना

  • Meaning: to make final, definite, or beyond dispute.
  • अर्थ: अंतिम, निश्चित या विवाद से परे करना।
  • Synonyms: settle, conclude, finalize, wrap up.
  • Antonyms: confuse, unsettle, release, unfasten.
  • Usage: Her work on the project should clinch her a promotion.

UNBECKNOWNST (Adjective) : अनजान

  • Meaning: without the knowledge of (someone).
  • अर्थ: (किसी के) ज्ञान के बिना।
  • Synonyms: Unknown, undiscovered, concealed, mysterious
  • Antonyms: Known, realised, recognised, understood
  • Example: Unbeknownst to Natasha, Kurt saw his mistress three times a week

SHUN (Verb) : टालना

  • Meaning: persistently avoid, ignore, or reject (someone or something) through antipathy or caution.
  • अर्थ: एंटीपैथी या सावधानी के जरिए लगातार (किसी या किसी चीज को) नजरअंदाज करना, नजरअंदाज करना या अस्वीकार करना।
  • Synonyms: avoid, evade, eschew, ignore
  • Antonyms: accept, seek, welcome
  • Example: Investors began to shun our company’s stock, causing it to plummet in value

WREST (Verb) : मरोड

  • Meaning: forcibly pull (something) from a person’s grasp.
  • अर्थ: किसी व्यक्ति की समझ से जबरन (कुछ) खींचना।
  • Synonyms: wrench, snatch, seize, grab
  • Antonyms: give
  • Example: Rita felt she had to wrest the weapon from the hostage-taker for the sake of her safety.

MUSTER (Verb) : संग्रह

  • Meaning: collect or assemble (a number or amount).
  • अर्थ: इकट्ठा या इकट्ठा (एक संख्या या राशि)।
  • Synonyms: assemble, collect, congregate, convene
  • Antonyms: avoid, destroy, disperse, dodge
  • Example: The two football teams muster in their respective huddles before each play.

VILIFY (Verb) : तिरस्कार करना

  • Meaning: speak or write about in an abusively disparaging manner.
  • अर्थ: अपमानजनक तरीके से बोलना या लिखना।
  • Synonyms: disparage, denigrate, defame, revile
  • Antonyms: commend, lionize
  • Example: The politician wrote an article to vilify his opponent.

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