The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Sep Month– Day 23

1) Assertive (Adjective) – मुखर

Meaning: having or showing a confident and forceful personality.

Synonyms: confident, forceful, self-confident

Antonyms: retiring

Usage: “the job may call for assertive behaviour”

2) Indigenous (Adjective) – देशज

Meaning: originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native.

Synonyms: native, aboriginal, local

Antonyms: expatriate, migrant, adventitious

Usage: “the indigenous peoples of Siberia”

3) Aggravating (Verb) – बदतर या अधिक गंभीर बनाना 

Meaning: make (a problem, injury, or offence) worse or more serious.

Synonyms: annoy, irritate, exasperate

Antonyms: calm, conciliate

Usage: “military action would only aggravate the situation”

4) Dormant (Adjective) – सुषुप्त

Meaning: having normal physical functions suspended or slowed down for a period of time; in or as if in a deep sleep.

Synonyms: asleep, sleeping, slumbering

Antonyms: awake, active

Usage: “dormant butterflies”

5) Exhumed (Verb) – कब्र से खोदकर निकालना

Meaning: dig out (something buried, especially a corpse) from the ground.

Synonyms: disinter, dig up, unearth

Antonyms: bury

Usage: “the bodies were exhumed on the orders of a judge”

6) Vulnerable (Adjective) – भेद्य

Meaning: exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.

Synonyms: in danger, in peril, in jeopardy

Antonyms: well protected, invulnerable, resilient

Usage: “we were in a vulnerable position”

7) Blatant (Adjective) – खुलेआम और बेखौफ होकर करना

Meaning: done openly and unashamedly.

Synonyms: flagrant, glaring, obvious

Antonyms: inconspicuous, subtle

Usage: “blatant lies”

8) Turmoil (Noun) – उथल-पुथल

Meaning: a state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.

Synonyms: confusion, upheaval(s), turbulence

Antonyms: calm, peace

Usage: “the country was in turmoil”

9) Implying (Verb) – दावा करना 

Meaning: indicate the truth or existence of (something) by suggestion rather than explicit reference.

Synonyms: implicit, indirect, hinted

Antonyms: explicit, direct

Usage: “salesmen who use jargon to imply superior knowledge”

10) Impelled (Verb) – मजबूर या विवश करना

Meaning: drive, force, or urge (someone) to do something.

Synonyms: force, compel, constrain

Antonyms: optional, voluntary

Usage: “financial difficulties impelled him to desperate measures”

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