The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Sep Month – Day 21

AMNESTY(Noun) : आम माफ़ी

  • Meaning: a formal pardon or reprieve given to one who has committed a criminal or political offense
  • अर्थ: एक अपराधी या राजनीतिक अपराध करने वाले को दिया गया एक औपचारिक क्षमा या दण्ड
  • Synonyms: forgiveness, immunity
  • Antonyms: vulnerability
  • UsageAlthough the governor claimed to be an honest man of the people, he did not hesitate to give his wealthy friend amnesty for a tax-related crime.

RIPOSTE (noun) : जवाबी प्रहार

  • Meaning: a quick, clever reply to an insult or criticism.
  • अर्थ: अपमान या आलोचना का त्वरित, चतुर जवाब।
  • Synonyms: retaliation, repartee, squelch, quip.
  • Antonyms: request, query, bidding, catechize.
  • Usage: A riposte to that argument was provided by Sea Containers, the shipping group headed by James Sherwood.

FARRAGO (noun) :  संमिश्रण

  • Meaning: a confused mixture.
  • अर्थ: एक उलझन भरा मिश्रण।
  • Synonyms: mishmash, jumble, hodgepodge, turmoil.
  • Antonyms: constituent, ravel, sequence, categorization.
  • Usage: The present gun law is a farrago of nonsense as most of it is unenforceable.

ENNUI (noun) : विरक्ति

  • Meaning: a feeling of listlessness and dissatisfaction arising from a lack of occupation or excitement.
  • अर्थ: कब्जे या उत्तेजना की कमी से उत्पन्न होने वाली अशांति और असंतोष की भावना।
  • Synonym: boredom, tedium, listlessness.
  • Antonym: animation, contentment.
  • Usage: Listening to your dull story about becoming a librarian is leaving me in a state of ennui.

BAGATELLE (noun) : नगण्य

  • Meaning: a thing regarded as too unimportant or easy to be worth much consideration.
  • अर्थ: एक बात जिसे बहुत महत्वहीन या आसान माना जाता है, वह बहुत विचार योग्य है।
  • Synonyms: trifle, frippery, Picayune, gimcrack.
  • Antonyms: worth, gargantuan.
  • Usage: The question of who will pick up the coffee is a mere bagatelle in the overall planning of the conference.

SCURRY (verb) : घबरा कर चलना 

  • Meaning: (of a person or small animal) move hurriedly with short quick steps.
  • अर्थ: किसी व्यक्ति या पशु का जल्दी में तेज-तेज चलना
  • Synonyms: scamper, scuttle, dash, rush.
  • Antonyms: amble, stroll, crawl, saunter.
  • Usage: We have come to see the tornado in all of its glory, not the ant-like humans that scurry about in its path.

ABERRATION (Noun) : पतन 

  • Meaning: a departure from what is normal, usual, or expected, typically an unwelcome one.
  • अर्थ: जो सामान्य या अपेक्षित, आम तौर पर एक अनिच्छुक है, उसका जाना।
  • Synonyms: anomaly, deviation, divergence, abnormality, irregularity, variation,
  • Antonyms: normality, usualness, conformity. regularity
  • Example: A person with one blue eye and one green eye is said to have a genetic aberration.

SWINDLE (Verb): ठगी 

  • Meaning: obtain (money) fraudulently.
  • अर्थ: बईमानी से धन प्राप्त करना
  • Synonyms: bilk, con, deceive, defraud, fleece
  • Antonyms: help, give
  • Example: You have to be careful when buying products on the internet, as some sellers may try to swindle you into paying more money than the product is worth.

Infringe : उल्लंघन करना, अतिक्रमण करना

  • Meaning: actively break the terms of (a law, agreement, etc.).
  • अर्थ: (एक कानून, समझौते, आदि) की शर्तों को सक्रिय रूप से तोड़ दें।
  • Synonyms: violate, breach, break, transgress, violation
  • Antonyms: obey, comply, follow, observe
  • Usage in a sentence: They claim that his use of the name infringes on their copyright.

Encrypt : कूट रूप देना

  • Meaning: convert (information or data) into a code, especially to prevent unauthorized access.
  • अर्थ: विशेष रूप से अनधिकृत पहुंच को रोकने के लिए एक कोड में (सूचना या डेटा) परिवर्तित करें।
  • Synonyms: encode, encipher, code, inscribe
  • Antonyms: interpret, decode, decipher, decrypt, translate
  • Usage in a sentence: The software will encrypt the message before it is sent.

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