The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Sep Month – Day 17

POLYMATH(noun)  बहुश्रुत

Meaning: a person of wide knowledge or learning.
अर्थ: व्यापक ज्ञान या विद्या का व्यक्ति। 
Synonyms: intellectual, genius
Antonyms: Fool, illiterate
Usage: His CV reads something like a masterclass in being a polymath: he was an accomplished musician and designer.

Vacillate(verb)संदेह करना

Meaning: Waiver between different opinion or actions.अर्थ: अलग राय या कार्यों के बीच छूट।
Synonym: temporize, hesitate, oscillate
Antonym: resolute
Usage: You might vacillate between ordering pizza and burgers as both are testy.

Molder(verb) गलना

Meaning: Slowly decay or disintegrate, especially because of neglect.अर्थ: धीरे-धीरे क्षय या विघटित होना, विशेषकर उपेक्षा के कारण।
Synonym: decay, decompose
Antonym: Renew, restore
Usage: if you store your books in the damp basement of your uncle’s house, they are sure to molder.

Exhort(verb)समझाना

Meaning: Strongly encourage or urge to do somethingअर्थ: कुछ करने के लिए दृढ़ता से प्रोत्साहित करना या आग्रह करना
Synonym: enjoin, adjure,
Antonym: discourage
Usage: Priya tries to Exhort her friend about her career. but she is not ready to listen.

Dearth(Noun)अकाल

Meaning: A scarcity or lack of something.
अर्थ: किसी चीज की कमी या कमी।
Synonym: meagreness, scantiness
Antonym: abundance, a surfeit
Usage: A dearth of nutritious food is a serious problem.

Titter(verb)दबी हुई हँसी

Meaning: Give a short, half-suppressed laugh, giggle
अर्थ: एक छोटी, आधी दबी हुई हंसी देना, हंसना
Synonym: giggle, snigger
Antonym: Graon, moan
Usage: The teen girls tittered at her light-hearted curse.

Slipshod(adjective)असावधानीपूर्ण

Meaning: characterized by a lack of care, thought, or organization.
अर्थ: देखभाल, विचार या संगठन की कमी की विशेषता।
Synonym: careless, lackadaisical
Antonym: meticulous, painstaking
Usage: Ravi did a slipshod job. His scholarship is slipshod at best.

Incommodious(Adjective) असुविधाजनक

Meaning: Causing inconvenience or discomfort
अर्थ: असुविधा या परेशानी पैदा करना
Synonym: annoying, awkward
Antonym: convenient, comfortable
Usage: Because the heating unit is not working, it is rather incommodious in the house. 

BUOYED(verb)बढ़ावा देना

Meaning: to sustain or encourage (often followed by up)
अर्थ: बनाए रखने या प्रोत्साहित करने के लिए (अक्सर ऊपर के बाद)
Synonyms: bolster, boost
Antonyms: depress, deplete
Usage: Her courage was buoyed by the doctor’s assurances.

RATIFIED(verb)पुष्टि करना

Meaning: confirmed or made official
अर्थ: पुष्टि या आधिकारिक किया गया
Synonyms: approve, confirm
Antonyms: deny, destroy
Usage: For the rule change to be approved, it must be ratified by 8 out of 10 teams.


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