The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Sep Month– Day 14

01)  Derange (noun) –

Meaning: To cause a feeling of disgust or revulsion in; To cause disarray or disorganization in the order of

Synonyms: disorder, upset, disarray, disturb, sicken, disgust

 Antonyms: arrange, order, organise

Usage:  Equilibrium is the Universal, or that which has nothing external to derange it.

02) Acquiescent (verb) –

Meaning: Willing to accept or agree to something without objection or resistance;

Synonyms: consenting, compliant, agreeable, submissive

Antonyms: protesting, resistant, resisting, unyielding

Usage: It’s probably got something to do with the fact that, as a nation, we are absurdly acquiescent and uncomplaining consumers.

03) Concoct (adj) –

Meaning: To contrive of (something) using skill or ingenuity; To prepare something in advance; To have intentions for a given outcome

Synonyms: mean, intend, aim, plan, prepare, fabricate, invent, contrive, devise

Antonyms: demolish, destroy, disorganize, forget

Usage: She would concoct stories in her brain about each picture, the plot taking her wherever it may.

04) Expound (verb) 

Meaning: To render comprehensible or understandable; To make known an idea, emotion or opinion

Synonyms: express, state, voice, explain, interpret, elucidate, explicate, dilate, elaborate, expatiate

Antonyms: obscure, complicate, confuse, mystify

Usage: Given this diversity, this is no place to expound a systematic account of liberalism in its many forms and variants.

05) Nugatory (verb) –

Meaning: Of no value or importance; Useless or futile

Synonyms: invalid, useless, inoperative, inconsequential, insignificant, trifling, trivial

 Antonyms: big, consequential, eventful, important, significant, abundant

Usage: In Briscoe’s case the court made the prohibition of bills of credit nugatory.

06) Connive (verb) –

Meaning:  To make secret plans, typically devious in nature;

Synonyms:  intrigue, plot, scheme, conspire, machinate, contrive

Antonyms: destroy, forget, neglect

Usage: Together they connive in cahoots and scheme to create the world’s worst musical, a guaranteed catastrophic dog of a show.

07)  Mortify (noun) –

Meaning: To discipline (one’s body, appetites etc) by suppressing desires; To disturb the composure of

Synonyms: embarrass, discomfit, humiliate, control, discipline, subdue, chasten

Antonyms: Indulge, delight, comfort, ease

Usage: The intention is, I tell you plainly, to mortify you into a sense of your duty.

08) Hysteria (adj) –

Meaning: Behavior exhibiting excessive or uncontrollable emotion, such as fear or panic; Sudden and uncontrollable fear or anxiety

Synonyms: panic, alarm, anxiety, fear, frenzy, delirium, panic, agitation

Antonyms: calmness, calm, collectedness, control, peace

Usage: In this state they are frenetic, unrelaxed and prone to bad judgment, caught up in the hysteria of the moment.

09) Incapacitate (noun) –

Meaning:  To cause permanent loss of function of a limb or part of the body; To destroy or disrupt by means of sabotage; To disturb mentally or emotionally

Synonyms: upset, distress, disturb, sabotage, destroy, cripple, disable, lame, maim, mutilate

Antonyms: aid, allow, assist, assuage, benefit, improve

Usage: The human strains of Ebola virus, for example, incapacitate their victims extremely quickly and kill them soon after.

10) Snub (verb)  –

Meaning: Rebuff, ignore, or spurn disdainfully; To treat or regard with contempt;

Synonyms: disdain, slight, scorn, slight, cut, humiliate, cold-shoulder, insult

Antonyms: acknowledge, approve, compliment, accept, allow

Usage: I think its a snub to their belief system and they feel disloyal if they don’t step up and say something about it.

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