The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Sep Month– Day 13

1)  Stagger (verb) –

Meaning: Walk or move unsteadily, as if about to fall; astonish or deeply shock; To arrange (events, payments, hours, etc.) so that they do not occur at the same time

Synonyms: disperse, distribute,  amaze, astonish,  totter, falter

Antonyms: steady, stay, calm, clarify

Usage:  Our daily parade down the Croisette has turned from a saunter(a leisurely stroll) to a stagger.

2) Indefatigable (Adj) –

Meaning: Extremely persistent and untiring Showing; having or involving great activity or vitality; without regret or guilt

Synonyms: indomitable, industrious, persistent, pertinacious, indurate, inhuman

Antonyms: fatigued, feeble, pusillanimous, spiritless

Usage: One can only salute such indefatigable souls, and wish them success in their efforts.

3) Inure (verb) –

Meaning: To cause (someone) to become accustomed (to something); To impart information or knowledge

Synonyms; strengthen, harden,  coagulate, compact, consolidate

Antonyms– enfeeble, debilitate, disorder

Usage: The higher charge didn’t inure to the benefit of the defendants in that case.

4) hitherto (noun) –

Meaning: Up until this or that time

Synonyms: earlier, formerly, hereto, fore, previously, before, so far, theretofore

Antonyms: henceforth, hence, forward, hereafter, thenceforth

Usage: In May of 1985, Simpson and his partner Simon Yates set out to scale the west face of Siula Grande, a hitherto unclimbed peak in Peru.

5) Ameliorate (adj) –

Meaning: make (something bad or unsatisfactory) better.

Synonyms: tweak, enhance, ease, redress

Antonyms: worsen, deteriorate,

Usage: the courts are making an effort to ameliorate their living conditions is an undoubted source of comfort and relief.

6) Chastened (verb) 

Meaning: (of a rebuke or misfortune) have a restraining or moderating effect on.

Synonyms: deflate, squash, mortify, subdue

Antonyms: release, commend, uplift

UsageChastened by open criticism from former members of the higher judiciary, as well as many senior lawyers and jurists, the top court has sought to redeem its stature(prestige, position) by a series of directions

7) expeditions (noun) –

Meaning: . a journey undertaken by a group of people with a particular purpose, especially that of exploration, research, or war.

 Synonyms: peregrination, voyage, commission, enterprise

Antonyms: hindrance, shortage, reatrdation

Usage:  Ghulam Rasool remained attached with the British expeditions as a guide

8) expediency (noun) –

Meaning: Appropriateness or suitability , Temporary help

Synonyms: convenience, advisability, benefit, effectiveness, utilitarianism, wisdom, meekness, shift, substitute, contrivance

Antonyms: recklessness, irresponsibility, incaution, impulsiveness

Usage:  They are not just men sacrificed to expediency, they are not men too civilised for an uncivilised world.

9) hurtle (noun)-

Meaning: Move or cause to move at high speed, typically in an uncontrolled manner

Synonyms: blaze, blow, boogie,  zoom, blast, run, stampede

Antonyms: crawl, creep, poke, plod, slow

Usage: Firefighters change en route, as they bowl down the Byres Road or hurtle along the motorway.

10) belie (verb)  –

Meaning: To demonstrate or expose to the falsehood of something

Synonyms: disprove, contradict, discredit, confute, refute, debunk, rebut

Antonyms: confirm, establish, prove, validate

Usage: These figures belie the constantly repeated claims of mass popular support for the brutal war.

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