The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Oct Month– Day 8

1)  dilettante (verb) –

Meaning: Suggesting or reflecting the efforts of an amateur

Synonyms: inexpert, amateur, amateurish, unskilled

Antonyms: ace, adept, consummate, crackerjack

Usage:  I’m a dilettante, a dabbler, and it was easy for many years to let that keep me on the sidelines.

2) Adage (noun) –

Meaning: An old saying which has obtained credit by long use

Synonyms: aphorism, axiom, dictum, maxim, precept

Antonyms: absurdity, ambiguity, foolishness

Usage: In line with the old adage, things did get worse around here before they got better.

03) Ebullient (Adj) –

Meaning: Cheerful and full of energy; Effusive and often emotional;

Synonyms: gushy, effusive, fulsome, emotional, exuberant, buoyant, cheery, elated

Antonyms: depressed, apathetic, disinterested

Usage; Hutt was usually ebullient but this time, he came to my office, and he was in a down mood.

04) Alacrity – speed and eagerness

Meaning speed and eagerness

Synonyms: rapidness, rapidity, swiftness, quickness

Antonyms: dullness, inertia, lethargy, reluctance

Usage: Dillingham pointed out that in certain cases the FAA has acted with alacrity.

05) Flagrant (noun) –

Meaning done in an obvious way that shows you do not care if you

break rules or offend people; Horrifyingly wicked

Synonyms: outrageous, dreadful, enormous, shocking, atrocious, brazen, abominable contemptible, despicable

Antonyms: obscure, arcane, abstruse, inconceivable

Usage: In flagrant violation of all existing legal principles, the detainee must then prove his innocence.

06) Nugatory (noun) –

Meaning:  Of no value or importance

Synonyms: inconsequential, insignificant, trifling, trivial

Antonyms: big, consequential, eventful, important

Usage: First of all, the sums involved in the new savings accounts are nugatory.

07) Exultant (adj) –

Meaning: Very happy, especially at someone else’s defeat or failure; Tending to boast or brag

Synonyms: boastful, bragging, conceited, jubilant, rejoicing, triumphant, delighted

Antonyms: depressed, disappointed, discouraged

Usage: Here, most of the music is exultant and exhilarating, full of polyrhythms that inspire the vocalists to slip and slide over the beats.

08) veneer (verb) –

Meaning: An attractive appearance that covers or disguises someone or something’s true nature or feelings; To provide assuagement or palliation to; To keep secret or cover the truth of

Synonyms: palliate, relieve, ease, covering,  facing, facade, front, camouflage, dissemble

Antonyms: reality, truth, character, inside, interior, reveal, strip, uncover

Usage: In a society where a feudal sense of entitlement simmers beneath a veneer of economic modernity, aspirational upper castes with bottled up resentments are legion in every domain.

09) Precocious (Adj) –

Meaning: baleful inauspicious menacing minatory; Marked by a likelihood to threaten the safety of a person or persons;

Synonyms: ugly nasty, unpleasant, tense, serious

Antonyms: auspicious, promising, propitious, encouraging

Usage; He was a Precocious young man

10) Extempore (noun) –

Meaning: Spoken or done without preparation; Having a relaxed, friendly, or unofficial style, manner, or nature

Synonyms: informal, casual, relaxed, natural, impromptu, extemporaneous, improvised

Antonyms: rehearsed, planned, considered

Usage: The Prime Minister seemed to be in a very enthusiastic and positive mood as he spoke extempore for about 20 minutes.


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