The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Oct Month– Day 5

1) Accord (Verb) – किसी को शक्तिस्थिति या मान्यता देना

Meaning: give or grant someone (power, status, or recognition).

Synonyms:       give, grant, tender

Antonyms:        withhold, remove

Usage: “the powers accorded to the head of state”

2) Ferment (Noun) – विक्षोभ

Meaning: agitation and excitement among a group of people, typically concerning major change and leading to trouble or violence.

Synonyms:       fever, furore, frenzy

Antonyms: peacefulness, quiet, tranquillity

Usage: “a period of political and religious ferment”

3) Factions (Noun) – गुटों

Meaning: a small organized dissenting group within a larger one, especially in politics.

Synonyms:       clique, coterie, caucus

Antonyms: agreement, conformity, entirety

Usage: “the left-wing faction of the party”

4) Confined (Adjective) – परिरुद्ध

Meaning: restricted in area or volume; cramped.

Synonyms:       cramped, constricted, restricted

Antonyms:        open, roomy

Usage: “her fear of confined spaces”

5) Heinous (Adjective) – जघन्य

Meaning: utterly odious or wicked.

Synonyms:       odious, wicked, evil, atrocious

Antonyms:        admirable

Usage: “a battery of heinous crimes”

6) Moot (Adjective) – विवादास्पद

Meaning: subject to debate, dispute, or uncertainty.

Synonyms:       debatable, open to debate, open to discussion

Antonyms: accomplished, certain, hands-down

Usage: “whether the temperature rise was mainly due to the greenhouse effect was a moot point”

7) Bonhomie (Noun) – खुशमिज़ाजी

Meaning: cheerful friendliness; geniality.

Synonyms:       geniality, congeniality, conviviality

Antonyms: coldness

Usage: “he exuded good humour and bonhomie”

8) Inception (Noun) – आरंभ

Meaning: the establishment or starting point of an institution or activity.

Synonyms:       establishment, institution, foundation

Antonyms:        end

Usage: “she has been on the board since its inception two years ago”

9) Fray (Verb) –  तनाव के प्रभाव दिखाना

Meaning: show the effects of strain.

Synonyms:        strain, tax, overtax

Antonyms: peace, accord, armistice

Usage: “as the temperature rose, tempers frayed”

10) Munificence (Noun) – दरियादिली

Meaning: the quality or action of being extremely generous.

Synonyms:       generosity, bountifulness, open-handedness

Antonyms:        meanness, niggardliness

Usage: “we must be thankful for his munificence”


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