The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Oct Month– Day 3

1) Endeavour (Verb) – प्रयास करना

Meaning: try hard to do or achieve something.

Synonyms: try, attempt, venture

Antonyms: abstention, destruction, ease

Usage: “he is endeavouring to help the Third World”

2) Jest (Noun) – मज़ाक

Meaning: a thing said or done for amusement; a joke.

Synonyms: joke, witticism, funny remark

Antonyms: seriously

Usage: “he laughed uproariously at his own jest”

3) Exemption (Noun) – प्रतिरक्षाअपवाद

Meaning: the action of freeing or state of being free from an obligation or liability imposed on others.

Synonyms: immunity, exception, dispensation

Antonyms: liability

Usage: “vehicles that may qualify for exemption from tax”

4) Disbursed (Verb) – संवितरित करना

Meaning: pay out (money from a fund).

Synonyms: pay out, lay out, spend

Antonyms: claim

Usage: “$67 million of the pledged aid had already been disbursed”

5) Prodding (Verb) – उकसावा देना

Meaning: stimulate or persuade (someone who is reluctant or slow) to do something.

Synonyms: spur, stimulate, stir

Antonyms: counterincentive, disincentive, compliment

Usage: “they attempted to prod the central bank into cutting interest rates”

6) Forbearance (Noun) – सहनशीलता

Meaning: patient self-control; restraint and tolerance.

Synonyms: tolerance, toleration, patience

Antonyms: impatience, anger, impetuosity

Usage: “his unfailing courtesy and forbearance under great provocation”

7) Thrive (Verb) – फूलना फलना

Meaning: prosper; flourish.

Synonyms: flourish, prosper, grow vigorously

Antonyms: decline, wither, fail

Usage: “education groups thrive on organization”

8) Codify (Verb) – संहिताबद्ध करना

Meaning: arrange (laws or rules) into a systematic code.

Synonyms: systematize, systemize, organize

Antonyms: derange, disarrange, disarray

Usage: “the statutes have codified certain branches of common law”

9) Proviso (Noun) – परंतुक

Meaning: a condition or qualification attached to an agreement or statement.

Synonyms: condition, stipulation, provision

Antonyms: disqualification, inability, inaptitude

Usage: “he let his house with the proviso that his own staff should remain to run it”

10) Pertaining (Verb) – से संबंधित

Meaning: be appropriate, related, or applicable to.

Synonyms: concern, relate to, be related to

Antonyms: disconnected, unrelated, irrelevant

Usage: “matters pertaining to the organization of government”


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