The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Oct Month– Day 15

1) Ratified (Verb) – की पुष्टि करना

Meaning: sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid.

Synonyms: confirm, approve, sanction

Antonyms: disallowed, disapproved, discouraged

Usage: “both countries were due to ratify the treaty by the end of the year”

2) Reconciliation (Noun) – सुलह

Meaning: the restoration of friendly relations.

Synonyms: reuniting, reunion, conciliation

Antonyms: alienation, feud, incompatibility

Usage: “his reconciliation with your uncle”

3) Relic (Noun) – कलाकृतिऐतिहासिक वस्तुप्राचीन वस्तु

Meaning: an object surviving from an earlier time, especially one of historical interest.

Synonyms: artifact, historical object, ancient object

Antonyms: creation, innovation, invention

Usage: “a museum of railway relics”

4) Retaliation (Noun) – प्रतिशोध

Meaning: the action of returning a military attack; counter-attack.

Synonyms: revenge, vengeance, reprisal

Antonyms: forgiveness, pardon, sympathy

Usage: “the bombings are believed to be in retaliation for the trial of 15 suspects”

5) Slumping (Verb) – अकस्मात पतन

Meaning: sit, lean, or fall heavily and limply.

Synonyms: sit heavily, flop, flump

Antonyms: stand up, sit up

Usage: “she slumped against the cushions”

6) Extradite (Verb) – प्रत्यर्पित करना

Meaning: hand over (a person accused or convicted of a crime) to the jurisdiction of the foreign state in which the crime was committed.

Synonyms: deport, hand over, send back

Antonyms: hold, keep, allow

Usage: “Brazil refused to extradite him to Britain”

7) Coup (Noun) – तख्तापलट

Meaning: a sudden, violent, and illegal seizure of power from a government.

Synonyms: seizure of power, overthrow, takeover

Antonyms: election

Usage: “he was overthrown in an army coup”

8) Deteriorating (Verb) – और भी ख़राब होना

Meaning: become progressively worse.

Synonyms: worsen, get worse, decline

Antonyms: improve

Usage: “relations between the countries had deteriorated sharply”

9) Primacy (Noun) – प्रधानता

Meaning: the fact of being pre-eminent or most important.

Synonyms: greater importance, priority, precedence

Antonyms: last place, bottom, last position

Usage: “London’s primacy as a financial centre”

10) Stiff (Adjective) – कठोर

Meaning: not easily bent or changed in shape; rigid.

Synonyms: rigid, hard, firm

Antonyms: flexible, plastic, limp

Usage: “a stiff black collar”

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