The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Oct Month– Day 11

1) Oblige (Verb) – उपकृत करना

Meaning: make (someone) legally or morally bound to do something.

Synonyms: require, compel, bind

Antonyms: delay, free, release

Usage: “doctors are obliged by law to keep patients alive while there is a chance of recovery”

2) Persecuted (Verb) – सताना या ज़ुल्म करना 

Meaning: subject (someone) to hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of their race or political or religious beliefs.

Synonyms: oppress, abuse, victimize

Antonyms: carefree

Usage: “his followers were persecuted by the authorities”

3) Confinement (Noun) – परिरोध

Meaning: the action of confining or state of being confined.

Synonyms: imprisonment, internment, incarceration

Antonyms: liberty

Usage: “he was immediately released from his confinement”

4) Clamour (Noun) – कोलाहल

Meaning: a loud and confused noise, especially that of people shouting.

Synonyms: din, racket, loud noise

Antonyms: silence

Usage: “the questions rose to a clamour”

5) Persuasions (Noun) – अनुनय

Meaning: a belief or set of beliefs, especially religious or political ones.

Synonyms: belief, opinion, conviction

Antonyms: disinterest, fairnesses

Usage: “writers of all political persuasions”

6) Reinstatement (Noun) – बहाली

Meaning: the action of giving someone back a position they have lost.

Synonyms: restoration, return to a former position, return to power

Antonyms: removal, robbery, stealing

Usage: “the student body gave its support to the two expelled students and demanded their reinstatement”

7) Prejudicial (Adjective) – हानिकारक

Meaning: harmful to someone or something; detrimental.

Synonyms: detrimental, damaging, injurious

Antonyms: beneficial, advantageous

Usage: “the proposals were considered prejudicial to the city centre”

8) Contention (Noun) – विवाद , असहमति

Meaning: heated disagreement.

Synonyms: disagreement, dispute, disputation

Antonyms: agreement

Usage: “the captured territory was the main area of contention between the two countries”

9) Conglomerate (Noun) – संगुटिका

Meaning: a thing consisting of a number of different and distinct parts or items that are grouped together.

Synonyms: mixture, mix, combination

Antonyms: individual, like, same

Usage: “the Earth is a specialized conglomerate of organisms”

10) Disparaging (Noun) – उपेक्षा 

Meaning: regard or represent as being of little worth.

Synonyms: belittle, denigrate, deprecate

Antonyms: praise, overrate, complimentary

Usage: “he never missed an opportunity to disparage his competitors”


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