English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: May Month – Day 9

1) Strewn (Verb)  – बिखेरना या फैलाना

Meaning: scatter or spread (things) untidily over a surface or area.

Synonyms: scatter, spread, disperse

Antonyms: gather

Usage: “a small room with newspapers strewn all over the floor”

2) Aggravated (Verb) – कष्टप्रद या अतिरंजित करना

Meaning: annoy or exasperate.

Synonyms: annoy, irritate, exasperate

Antonyms:calm, conciliate

Usage: “military action would only aggravate the situation”

3) Infirm (Adjective) – कमजोर

Meaning: not physically or mentally strong, especially through age or illness.

Synonyms: frail, weak, feeble

Antonyms:strong, healthy

Usage: “those who were old or infirm”

4) Indelible (Adjective) – अमिट

Meaning: making marks that cannot be removed.

Synonyms: ineradicable, inerasable, ineffaceable

Antonyms: erasable

Usage: “an indelible marker pen”

5) Tenuous (Adjective) – बहुत कमजोर या मामूली

Meaning: very weak or slight.

Synonyms: slight, insubstantial, flimsy

Antonyms: convincing, substantial, strong

Usage: “the tenuous link between interest rates and investment”

6) Slumber (Verb) – नींद

Meaning: sleep.

Synonyms: sleep, be asleep, doze

Antonyms: wake up

Usage: “Sleeping Beauty slumbered in her forest castle”

7) Onerous (Adjective) – कष्टदायक

Meaning: involving a great deal of effort, trouble, or difficulty.

Synonyms: burdensome, heavy, inconvenient

Antonyms: easy, effortless

Usage: “he found his duties increasingly onerous”

8) Desperate (Adjective) – बेकरार

Meaning: feeling or showing a hopeless sense that a situation is so bad as to be impossible to deal with.

Synonyms: despairing, hopeless, anguished

Antonyms: cheerful, composed

Usage:”a desperate sadness enveloped Ruth”

9)Mitigate(Verb) – संकोच

Meaning: make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful.

Synonyms:alleviate, reduce, diminish

Antonyms: aggravate, increase, intensify

Usage: “drainage schemes have helped to mitigate this problem”

10) Hesitation (Noun)

Meaning: the action of pausing before saying or doing something.

Synonyms: pausing, delay

Antonyms: resolution, certainty

Usage: “she answered without hesitation”

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