The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: May Month– Day 24

Afflict(Verb) : पीड़ा देना

  • Meaning: Cause pain or suffering
  • अर्थ: पीड़ा या पीड़ा का कारण
  • Synonym: distress, grieve
  • Antonym: please, relieve
  • Usage: This will remove the problems afflicting society, specially those affecting the working class majority.

AXIOMATIC (Adjective) : सिद्ध

  • Meaning: self-evident or unquestionable.
  • अर्थ: स्वयं स्पष्ट या निर्विवाद।
  • Synonym: Understood, Given, Granted, self-evident
  • Antonym: Misunderstood, uncertain
  • Usage: The arithmetic principles are axiomatic in nature.

WREST (Verb) : हथियाना

  • Meaning: forcibly pull (something) from a person’s grasp.
  • अर्थ: किसी व्यक्ति की समझ से जबरन (कुछ) खींचना।
  • Synonyms: wrench, snatch, seize, grab
  • Antonyms: give
  • Usage: Sita felt she had to wrest the weapon from the hostage-taker for the sake of her safety.

BACKSTOP (noun) : सुरक्षा

  • Meaning: an emergency precaution or last resort.
  • अर्थ: एक आपातकालीन एहतियात या अंतिम उपाय।
  • Synonyms: safeguard, preventive measure, insurance.
  • Antonyms: constraint, limitation, restriction, sanction.
  • Usage: They want the Democrats to act as a backstop for this wild nonsense.

Contrition:(Noun) : पछतावा

  • Meaning:- the state of feeling sorry for bad behaviour: the state of repentance.
  • अर्थ:  बुरे व्यवहार के लिए खेद महसूस करने की स्थिति: पश्चाताप की स्थिति।
  • Synonyms: contriteness, guilt, penitence, regret, remorse, repentance
  • Antonyms:-impenitence, remorselessness
  • Usage:- The defendant pled guilty to the crime and expressed heartfelt contrition for the things he had done.

ARRANT (adjective) अत्यन्त

  • Meaning: Complete, utter.
  • अर्थ: पूरा, बिलकुल।
  • Synonyms: total, absolute, thorough, sheer.
  • Antonyms: minor, light, unclear, obscure.
  • Usage: These people crumble when their arrant nonsense is confronted with simple common sense.

STARK (adjective) निरानंद

  • Meaning: Unpleasantly or sharply clear.
  • अर्थ: अप्रिय या तीव्र रूप से स्पष्ट।
  • Synonyms: blunt, plain, unembellished, harsh.
  • Antonyms: lush, bleak, cheerful, opulent.
  • Usage: His evidence in chief stood in stark contrast to his evidence on cross-examination.

PREPONDERANCE (noun): प्रमुखता

  • Meaning: the quality or fact of being greater in number, quantity, or importance.
  • अर्थ: संख्या, मात्रा, या महत्व में अधिक होने का गुण या तथ्य।
  • Synonyms: prevalence, predominance, majority, generality.
  • Antonyms: subservience, disability, inferiority, flaw
  • Usage: The preponderance of unemployed workers is linked to the manufacturer’s desire to cut costs by sending jobs overseas.

EPICENE (adjective) उभयलिंगी

  • Meaning:  Effeminate; effete.
  • अर्थ: प्रयास करना; अशक्त।
  • Synonyms: Sissy, womanish, unmanly, girlish.
  • Antonyms: manly, mannish, masculine, virile.
  • Usage: More epicene than handsome, if you asked me,’ he muttered a bit darkly.’

ATROPHY (verb)  अपक्षय

  • Meaning: gradually decline in effectiveness or vigour due to underuse or neglect.
  • अर्थ: धीरे-धीरे प्रभाव या उपेक्षा के कारण प्रभावशीलता या ताक़त में गिरावट।
  • Synonyms: dwindle, deteriorate, decline, wane.
  • Antonym: strengthen, revive, advance, flourish.
  • Usage: When the gang leader died, his organization’s hold on the city began to atrophy as other gangs moved into the area.

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