English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: May Month – Day 23

1) Lurks (Verb) – दुबकना

Meaning: be or remain hidden so as to wait in ambush for someone or something.

Synonyms: skulk, loiter, lie in wait

Antonyms: appear

Usage: “a ruthless killer still lurked in the darkness”

2) Amplify (Verb) – बढ़ाना

Meaning: increase the volume of (sound), especially using an amplifier.

Synonyms: louden, make louder

Antonyms: reduce, quieten

Usage: “the accompanying chords have been amplified in our arrangement”

3) Arcane (Adjective)  रहस्यमयगुप्त

Meaning: understood by few; mysterious or secret.

Synonyms: mysterious, secret, hidden

Antonyms: well known, open

Usage: “arcane procedures for electing people”

4) Noxious (Adjective) – हानिकारक

Meaning: harmful, poisonous, or very unpleasant.

Synonyms: poisonous, toxic, deadly

Antonyms: innocuous, safe, pleasant

Usage: “they were overcome by the noxious fumes”

5) Antiquated (Adjective) – प्राचीन, पुराने ढंग का

Meaning: old-fashioned or outdated.

Synonyms: outdated, out of date

Antonyms: current, modern

Usage: “this antiquated central heating system”

6) Blight (Noun) – हानि पहुंचाने वाला

Meaning: a thing that spoils or damages something.

Synonyms: affliction, scourge, bane

Antonyms: blessing

Usage: “the vacant properties are a blight on the neighbourhood”

7) Precipitated (Verb) – अनपेक्षित

Meaning: cause (an event or situation, typically one that is undesirable) to happen suddenly, unexpectedly, or prematurely.

Synonyms: cause, lead to, occasion

Antonyms: prevented, stopped

Usage: “the incident precipitated a political crisis”

8) Conducive (Adjective) – अनुकूल

Meaning: making a certain situation or outcome likely or possible.

Synonyms: good for, helpful to

Antonyms: unhelpful, useless

Usage: “the harsh lights and cameras were hardly conducive to a relaxed atmosphere”

9) Disparate (Adjective) – मुक़्तलिफ़

Meaning: essentially different in kind; not able to be compared.

Synonyms: contrasting, different, differing

Antonyms: homogeneous

Usage: “they inhabit disparate worlds of thought”

10) Equitable (Adjective) – साम्यिक

Meaning: fair and impartial.

Synonyms: fair, just, impartial

Antonyms: inequitable, unfair

Usage: “the equitable distribution of resources”

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