English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: May Month – Day 18

1) Escalate (Verb) – तेजी से वृद्धि होना  

Meaning: increase rapidly.

Synonyms: soar, rocket, shoot up

Antonyms: plunge

Usage: “the price of tickets escalated”

2) Abide (Verb) – पालन करना

Meaning: accept or act in accordance with (a rule, decision, or recommendation).

Synonyms: obey, observe, follow

Antonyms: flout, reject

Usage: “I said I would abide by their decision”

3) Contested (Verb) – विरोध, आपत्ति, चुनौती

Meaning: oppose (an action or theory) as mistaken or wrong.

Synonyms: oppose, object to, challenge

Antonyms: agree with

Usage: “the former chairman contests his dismissal”

4) Obstruct (Verb) – बाधा डालना

Meaning: block (an opening, path, road, etc.); be or get in the way of.

Synonyms: block, block up, clog

Antonyms: clear

Usage: “she was obstructing the entrance”

5) Brigade (Noun) – इकाईटुकड़ीबटालियन

Meaning: a subdivision of an army, typically consisting of a small number of infantry battalions and/or other units and forming part of a division.

Synonyms: unit, contingent, battalion

Antonyms: individual, one, whole

Usage: “he commanded a brigade of 3,000 men”

6) Revive (Verb) – पुनरजीवित करना

Meaning: give new strength or energy to.

Synonyms: reinvigorate, revitalize, refresh

Antonyms: torpefy

Usage: “the cool, refreshing water revived us all”

7) Impetus (Noun) – गतिप्रणोदनआवेग

Meaning: the force or energy with which a body moves.

Synonyms: momentum, propulsion, impulsion

Antonyms: disincentive, block, check

Usage: “hit the booster coil before the flywheel loses all its impetus”

8) Protracted (Adjective) – दीर्घकालिक

Meaning: lasting for a long time or longer than expected or usual.

Synonyms: prolonged, extended, stretched out

Antonyms: brief, short, fleeting

Usage: “a protracted and bitter dispute”

9) Reliable (Adjective) – विश्वसनीय

Meaning: consistently good in quality or performance; able to be trusted.

Synonyms: dependable, good, well founded

Antonyms: unreliable, untrustworthy, dodgy

Usage: “a reliable source of information”

10) Precarious (Noun) – संयोग पर निर्भर

Meaning: dependent on chance; uncertain.

Synonyms: uncertain, insecure, unreliable

Antonyms: safe, secure

Usage: “he made a precarious living as a painter”

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