English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: May Month – Day 15

1) Stimulus (Noun) – उद्दीपन

Meaning: a thing or event that evokes a specific functional reaction in an organ or tissue.

Synonyms: spur, stimulant, encouragement

Antonyms: deterrent, discouragement

Usage: “areas of the brain which respond to auditory stimuli”

2) Crank (Noun) – शुरू करना

Meaning: give a bend to

Synonyms: start, turn (over), get going

Antonyms:low-spirited, sullen

Usage: “I’ve cranked the shaft of the gear lever to get it further away from the dashboard”

3) Desperate (Adjective) – बेकरार

Meaning: feeling or showing a hopeless sense that a situation is so bad as to be impossible to deal with.

Synonyms: despairing, hopeless, anguished

Antonyms:cheerful, composed

Usage: “a desperate sadness enveloped Ruth”

4) Ensuing (Noun) – परिणाम, विकसित हुआ

Meaning: happen or occur afterwards or as a result.

Synonyms: result, follow, develop

Antonyms: antecedent, preceding, anterior

Usage: “the difficulties which ensued from their commitment to Cuba”

5) Enthused (Verb) – अति उत्साहित करना

Meaning: express eager enjoyment, interest, or approval regarding something.

Synonyms: rave, be enthusiastic

Antonyms: apathetic, indifferent

Usage: “they both enthused over my new look”

6) Gamble (Verb) – जुआ खेलना

Meaning: play games of chance for money; bet.

Synonyms: bet, wager, place a bet

Antonyms: banker, certainty

Usage: “he gambles on football”

7) Egregious (Adjective) – बहुत बुरा या चौंका देने वाला

Meaning: outstandingly bad; shocking.

Synonyms: shocking, appalling, horrific

Antonyms: marvellous

Usage: “egregious abuses of copyright”

8) Sedition(Noun) – भड़काना

Meaning: conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state or monarch.

Synonyms: provocation, inflaming

Antonyms: calm, obedience

Usage:In March 1848, authorities charged several leading nationalists with sedition.

9)Befuddling(Verb) – मदहोश हो जाना

Meaning: cause to become unable to think clearly.

Synonyms:confused, muddled, addled

Antonyms: clear

Usage: “even in my befuddled state I could see that they meant trouble”

10) Intimidate (Verb) – धमकाना

Meaning: frighten or overawe (someone), especially in order to make them do what one wants.

Synonyms: frighten, menace, terrify

Antonyms: assist, assure, calm

Usage: “the forts are designed to intimidate the nationalist population”

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