English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: May Month – Day 11

1) Perilous (Adjective) – खतरे या जोखिम से भरा हुआ

Meaning: full of danger or risk.

Synonyms: dangerous, fraught with danger

Antonyms: safe, secure

Usage: “a perilous journey south”

2) Shamble (Verb) – भद्दी चाल

Meaning: move with a slow, shuffling, awkward gait.

Synonyms: shuffle, lumber, totter

Antonyms: run, sprint, bound

Usage: “he shambled off down the corridor”

3) Desperation (Noun) – निराशा

Meaning: a state of despair, typically one which results in rash or extreme behaviour.

Synonyms: hopelessness, despair, distress

Antonyms: hope, hopefulness, advantage

Usage: “she wrote to him in desperation”

4) Flouting (Verb) – खुलेआम अवहेलना करना

Meaning: openly disregard (a rule, law, or convention).

Synonyms: defy, refuse to obey, go against

Antonyms: observe

Usage: “the advertising code is being flouted”

5) Replenish (Verb) – पुनःपूर्ति करना

Meaning: fill (something) up again.

Synonyms: refill, top up, fill up

Antonyms: empty

Usage: “he replenished Justin’s glass with mineral water”

6) Reimburse (Verb) – प्रतिपूर्ति करना

Meaning: repay (a person who has spent or lost money).

Synonyms: compensate, recompense, refund

Antonyms: damage, deprive, lose

Usage: “the investors should be reimbursed for their losses”

7) Indelicate (Adjective) – संवेदनशील समझ या चातुर्य की कमी होना

Meaning: having or showing a lack of sensitive understanding or tact.

Synonyms: insensitive, tactless, undiplomatic

Antonyms: tactful

Usage: “forgive me asking an indelicate question, but how are you off for money?”

8) Deferring (Verb) – स्थगित करना या टालना

Meaning: put off (an action or event) to a later time; postpone.

Synonyms: postpone, put off, adjourn

Antonyms: abbreviating, advancing

Usage: “they deferred the decision until February”

9) Abdicating (Verb) – त्यागना

Meaning: fail to fulfil or undertake (a responsibility or duty).

Synonyms: disown, turn down, spurn

Antonyms: accept, take on

Usage: “the government was accused of abdicating its responsibility”

10) Resorted (Verb) – सहारा लेना 

Meaning: turn to and adopt as to resolve a difficult situation.

Synonyms: use, utilize, avail oneself of

Antonyms: abstained, avoided, broke

Usage: “the duke was prepared to resort to force if negotiation failed”


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