The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: May Month– Day 04

FAWNING (adjective) : चापलूस

  • Meaning: displaying exaggerated flattery or affection; obsequious.
  • अर्थ: अतिरंजित चापलूसी या स्नेह प्रदर्शित करना; चापलूस।
  • Synonyms: sycophantic, ingratiating, subservient, cajoling.
  • Antonyms: imperious, domineering, peremptory, opinionated.
  • Example: Because Larry really wants a promotion, he spends a great deal of time fawning over his boss.

FURLOUGH (noun) : लम्बी छुट्टी

  • Meaning: leave of absence, especially that granted to a member of the services of a missionary.
  • अर्थ: अनुपस्थिति की छुट्टी, विशेष रूप से जो एक मिशनरी की सेवाओं के एक सदस्य को दी गई है।
  • Synonyms: break, rest, recess, a day off.
  • Antonyms: rehire, recall, travail, toil.
  • Example: I have just learned that Cousin George has got his furlough extended thirty days.

SMUG (adjective) : आत्मसंतुष्ट

  • Meaning: having or showing an excessive pride in oneself or one’s achievements.
  • अर्थ: स्वयं या किसी की उपलब्धियों में अत्यधिक अभिमान होना या दिखाना।
  • Synonyms: bighead, conceitedness, ego, vainglory.
  • Antonyms: diffidence, bashfulness, demureness, shyness.
  • Example: Because Amit had a smug attitude during his meeting with the principal, he projected the image he was proud of his misdeeds.

ENSCONCE (Verb) : स्थापित करना

  • Meaning: establish or settle (someone) in a comfortable, safe place.
  • अर्थ: किसी आरामदायक, सुरक्षित जगह पर (किसी को) स्थापित या बसाना।
  • Synonyms: settle, install, establish, entrench
  • Antonyms: depart, displace
  • Example: Clara is comfortably ensconced in a beach chair and has no immediate plans to return to work.

SURMISE (Verb) : शंका

  • Meaning: suppose that something is true without having evidence to confirm it.
  • अर्थ: मान लीजिए कि किसी चीज़ की पुष्टि किए बिना सबूत के बिना कुछ सच है।
  • Synonyms: guess, conjecture, deduce, infer
  • Antonyms: know
  • Example: Jason knew it was wrong of him to surmise his brother had stolen his money without actual proof.

SLUMP (verb) : गिर पड़ना

  • Meaning: undergo a sudden severe or prolonged fall in price, value, or amount.
  • अर्थ: मूल्य, मूल्य या राशि में अचानक गंभीर या लंबे समय तक गिरावट से गुजरना।
  • Synonyms: plummet, plunge, tumble, decline.
  • Antonyms: rise, ascend, grow, soar.
  • Usage: When the task force was putting together its original report, the world price of oil had slumped as low as $10 a barrel.

HETERODOX (adjective) : विधर्मिक

  • Meaning: not conforming with accepted or orthodox standards or beliefs.
  • अर्थ: स्वीकृत या रूढ़िवादी मानकों या मान्यताओं के अनुरूप नहीं।
  • Synonyms: separatist, heretical, nonconformist, iconoclastic.
  • Antonyms: orthodox, agnostic, devout, nonsectarian.
  • Usage: He argues that this ignores the complex interaction between orthodox intellectual culture and heterodox expression.

PURLOIN (verb) : चुराना

  • Meaning: steal (something).
  • अर्थ: चोरी (कुछ)।
  • Synonyms: loot, pilfer, steal, embezzle.
  • Antonyms: bestow, contribute, donate, purchase.
  • Usage: Sometimes it’s impossible to not purloin an excerpt from another person’s blog.

EERILY (adverb) : भयपूर्वक

  • Meaning: in a strange and frightening manner.
  • अर्थ: विचित्र और भयावह तरीके से।
  • Synonyms: hauntingly, creepily, scarily, spookily.
  • Antonyms: dulcetly, pleasingly, pleasantly, agreeably.
  • Usage: In front of him stood a masked man clutching a knife in one hand, grinning eerily at him.

POLYMATH (noun) : बहुश्रुत

  • Meaning: a person of wide knowledge or learning.
  • अर्थ: व्यापक ज्ञान या सीखने का व्यक्ति।
  • Synonyms: intellectual, genius
  • Antonyms: Fool, illiterate
  • Usage: His CV reads something like a masterclass in being a polymath: he was an accomplished musician and designer.

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