The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: March Month – Day 28

TREASON (noun) राज-द्रोह

  • Meaning: the action of betraying someone or something.
  • अर्थ: किसी को या किसी चीज़ को धोखा देने की क्रिया।
  • Synonyms: betrayal, disloyalty, falsity, treachery.
  • Antonyms: faithfulness, loyalty, staunchness, steadfastness.
  • Usage: Reading a friend’s diary without permission would have to be regarded as the ultimate act of personal treason.

MEDDLE (verb) हस्तक्षेप करना

  • Meaning: interfere in something that is not one’s concern.
  • अर्थ: किसी ऐसी चीज़ में हस्तक्षेप करना जो किसी की चिंता न हो।
  • Synonyms: interlope, intrude, poke, pry.
  • Antonyms: shun, disregard, neglect, overlook.
  • Usage: Please stop meddling in your sister’s life, even though you mean well.

OVERTURE (noun) : सन्धि प्रस्ताव

  • Meaning: an introduction to something more substantial.
  • अर्थ: कुछ अधिक पर्याप्त करने के लिए एक परिचय।
  • Synonyms: prelude, introduction, opening, voluntary.
  • Antonyms: conclusion, epilogue, aftermath, coda.
  • Usage: He spent more time with the orchestra, with the overture in the beginning of the show than the whole block of the show.

IMPERATIVE (adjective) अनिवार्य

  • Meaning: Of vital importance; crucial.
  • Synonyms: indispensable, exigent, essential, urgent.
  • Antonyms: negligible, insignificant, trivial, secondary.
  • Usage: It is imperative that couples should communicate in order to know the root of the conflict.

ECCENTRIC(Adjective) : केंद्रभ्रष्ठ

  • Meaning:deviating from the norm
  • अर्थ: आदर्श से भटकना
  • Synonyms: bizarre, curious
  • Antonyms: common, familiar
  • Example: She’s a little eccentric but still fun to be around.

SAGE (adjective) : समझदार

  • Meaning: profoundly wise.
  • अर्थ: गहरा बुद्धिमान।
  • Synonyms: sagacious, erudite, discerning, judicious.
  • Antonyms: dumb, imbecile, moronic, slow-witted.
  • Example: A sage suggestion that they think long and hard before deciding to marry at such a young age

GRIM (adjective) : विकट

  • Meaning: very serious or gloomy.
  • अर्थ: बहुत गंभीर या उदास।
  • Synonyms: stern, forbidding, uninviting, unapproachable
  • Antonyms: amiable, pleasant
  • Example: His expression was grim when he told them they had lost their jobs.

Charismatic : आकर्षक व्यक्तित्व युक्त

  • Meaning: exercising a compelling charm that inspires devotion in others. (Adjective)
  • अर्थ: एक आकर्षक आकर्षण का प्रयोग करना जो दूसरों में भक्ति को प्रेरित करता है।
  • Synonyms: charming, captivating, enchanting, glamorous
  • Antonyms: repulsive, unrelatable, tedious, abominable, unappealing
  • Usage:  Not an obviously charismatic figure, Mr. Chan’s principal qualities are those of a high-order bureaucrat.

Lopsided : असंतुलित, एकतरफ़ा

  • Meaning: with one side lower or smaller than the other
  • अर्थ: एक तरफ से कम या दूसरे से छोटा
  • Synonyms: uneven, unequal, irregular, unbalanced, disproportionate, partial
  • Antonyms: level, balanced, even
  • Usage:  After all, such lopsided enthusiasm indicates that you feel well equipped to tell judges how to do their jobs

Rescind (Verb) : रद्द कर देना

  • Meaning: revoke, cancel, or repeal (a law, order, or agreement).
  • अर्थ: निरस्त, रद्द या निरस्त (एक कानून, आदेश, या समझौता)।
  • Synonyms: revoke, repeal, cancel, reverse, abrogate, overturn, overrule, override, annul, nullify,
  • Antonyms: enforce, enact
  • Example: The government eventually rescinded the directive

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