The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: March Month – Day 14

Allegations (noun) आरोप

  • Meaning:- a claim or assertion that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically one made without proof.
  • अर्थ: –  ऐसा दावा या दावा कि किसी ने कुछ अवैध या गलत किया है, आम तौर पर बिना किसी सबूत के।
  • Synonyms:- accusation, charge, claim
  • Antonyms:- exculpation, denial
  • Example:- While some of these allegations are true, the last certainly is false.

Cognisance (noun) ध्यान में रखते

  • Meaning:- knowledge or awareness.
  • अर्थ: – ज्ञान या जागरूकता।
  • Synonyms:- attention, bearing, cognition
  • Antonyms:- disregard, heedlessness
  • Example:- The Chinese who have gone have been with Chinese cognizance, but not under Chinese protection.

Portray (verb) प्रतिकृति बनाना

  • Meaning:- describe (someone or something) in a particular way.
  • अर्थ: –  किसी विशेष रीति से (किसी या किसी चीज़) का वर्णन करना।
  • Synonyms:- characterize, depict, describe
  • Antonyms:- confuse, mix up, obscure
  • Example:- I thought him as true a representative of the people as ever theory could portray.

Decimating (verb) नष्ट

  • Meaning:- kill, destroy, or remove a large proportion of.
  • अर्थ: – के एक बड़े अनुपात को मार डालो, नष्ट कर दो या हटा दो।
  • Synonyms:- annihilate, exterminate, obliterate
  • Antonyms:- bear, build, create
  • Example:- You meant to let the royal blood, and to decimate the nobility of France.

Envoy (noun) दूत

  • Meaning:- a messenger or representative, especially one on a diplomatic mission.
  • अर्थ: – एक दूत या प्रतिनिधि, विशेष रूप से एक राजनयिक मिशन पर।
  • Synonyms:- delegate, diplomat, emissary
  • Antonyms:- receiver
  • Example:- This will be confirmed by your official attendant, who will be an Envoy’s Courier.

Confronts (verb) सामना करना

  • Meaning:- come face to face with (someone) with hostile or argumentative intent.
  • अर्थ: –  शत्रुता या तर्क-वितर्क के साथ (किसी के) सामने आना।
  • Synonyms:- accost, defy, encounter
  • Antonyms:- avoid, dodge
  • Example:- Our eyes are shut to the damning facts which confront us on every side.

Unsubstantiated (adjective) निराधार

  • Meaning:- not supported or proven by evidence.
  • अर्थ: –  प्रमाण द्वारा समर्थित या सिद्ध नहीं।
  • Synonyms:- debatable, dubious, unsupported
  • Antonyms:- certain, sure
  • Example:- As yet he could not reveal his unsubstantiated information to another.

Mercenaries (noun) वह सिपाही जो दूसरे मुल्क में लड़ाई के लिए रखे जायें

  • Meaning:- a professional soldier hired to serve in a foreign army.
  • अर्थ: – विदेशी सेना में सेवा करने के लिए किराए पर लिया गया एक पेशेवर सैनिक।
  • Synonyms:- warrior, hireling
  • Example:- His citizens have no silver or gold of their own, but are ready enough to pay them to their mercenaries.

Contention (noun) विवाद

  • Meaning:- heated disagreement.
  • अर्थ: –  गरम असहमति।
  • Synonyms:- argument, conflict, controversy
  • Antonyms:- accord, agreement, harmony
  • Example:- Just what the ratio of the curve should be is a matter of contention.

Preposterous (adjective) निरर्थक

  • Meaning:- contrary to reason or common sense; utterly absurd or ridiculous.
  • अर्थ: –  तर्क या सामान्य ज्ञान के विपरीत; बिलकुल बेतुका या हास्यास्पद।
  • Synonyms:- absurd, crazy, excessive
  • Antonyms:- bad, balanced, believable
  • Example:- They created the most preposterous romances; and could not get the credit of creating them.

Reputation (noun) प्रतिष्ठा

  • Meaning:- the beliefs or opinions that are generally held about someone or something.
  • अर्थ: –  मान्यताएँ या मत जो आमतौर पर किसी या किसी चीज़ के बारे में आयोजित किए जाते हैं।
  • Synonyms:- character, fame, honor
  • Antonyms:- unimportance, disapproval
  • Example:- “Many have had that reputation who do not deserve it,” said Robert.

Acclaimed (adjective) प्रशंसित

  • Meaning:- publicly praised; celebrated.
  • अर्थ: –  सार्वजनिक रूप से प्रशंसा की; मशहूर।
  • Synonyms:- renowned, cheered, extolled
  • Example:- Those acclamations were not for him, although those who acclaimed him thought so.

Deny (verb) अस्वीकार करना

  • Meaning:- state that one refuses to admit the truth or existence of.
  • अर्थ: –  वह राज्य जो सत्य या अस्तित्व को स्वीकार करने से इनकार करता है।
  • Synonyms:- ban, call on, contradict, oppose
  • Antonyms:- accept, allow, approve
  • Example:- This is a record and result that no careful student of our history will, I take it, deny.

Tenure (noun) कार्यकाल

  • Meaning:- the conditions under which land or buildings are held or occupied.
  • अर्थ: – वे परिस्थितियाँ जिनके अंतर्गत भूमि या भवन धारण किए जाते हैं या कब्जा कर लिया जाता है।
  • Synonyms:- administration, occupation, ownership
  • Antonyms:- misconception, misunderstanding, release
  • Example:- They gave the tenants security of tenure, and the landowners an act of settlement.

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