The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: March Month– Day 1

1) Robust (Adjective)  – मजबूत

Meaning: Strong and healthy; vigorous

Synonyms: Strong, vigorous, sturdy, tough, powerful

Antonyms: Weak, frail

Usage: The Caplanfamily are a robust lot

2) Oblivious (Adjective) – बेख़बर

Meaning: Not aware of or concerned about what is happening around one

Synonyms: Unaware, unconscious, heedless, unmindful, insensible

Antonyms:Aware, conscious

Usage: She became absorbed, oblivious to the passage of time

3) Detention (Noun) – नज़रबंदी

Meaning: The action of detaining someone or the state of being detained in official custody

Synonyms: Custody, imprisonment, confinement, incarceration

Antonyms:Discharge, release, acquittal, emancipation, freedom

Usage: The fifteen people arrested were still in police detention

4) Unnerve (Verb) – हतोत्साहित करना

Meaning: Make (someone) lose courage or confidence

Synonyms: Demoralize, discourage, dishearten, dispirit, deject, daunt

Antonyms: Encourage, hearten

Usage: The journey over the bridge had unnerved me

5) Negate (Verb) – नकारना

Meaning: Make ineffective; nullify

Synonyms: Invalidate, nullify, render null and void, render invalid

Antonyms: Confirm, support, validate

Usage: Alcohol negates the effects of the drug

6) Pursuit (Noun) – पीछा

Meaning: The action of pursuing someone or something

Synonyms: Chasing, pursuing, stalking, tracking, trailing, shadowing, dogging

Antonyms: Retreat, surrender, abstention, apathy, certainty

Usage: The cat crouched in the grass in pursuit of a bird

7) Ruin (Verb) – बर्बाद करना

Meaning: Reduce (a building or place) to a state of decay, collapse, or disintegration

Synonyms: Destroy, devastate, lay waste, leave in ruins

Antonyms: Rebuild, repair, intact, well maintained

Usage: The castle was ruined when dynamite was used to demolish one of the corner towers

8) Perilous (Adjective) – खतरनाक

Meaning: Full of danger or risk

Synonyms:  Dangerous, fraught with danger, hazardous, risky, unsafe

Antonyms: Safe, secure

Usage:A perilous journey south

9) Inclination (Noun) – झुकाव

Meaning: A person’s natural tendency or urge to act or feel in a particular way; a disposition

Synonyms:  Tendency, propensity, proclivity, leaning

Antonyms: Aversion, disinclination

Usage: John was a scientist by training and inclination

10) Menace (Verb) – धमकी देना

Meaning: Be a threat or possible danger to

Synonyms: Threaten, be a danger to, put at risk, jeopardize

Antonyms: Friendly, auspicious

Usage: Africa’s elephants are still menaced by poaching


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