The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: June Month – Day 26

1)  Circumvent (noun) – चकमा देना या बिगाड़ना

Meaning To prevent from happening; To find a way around

Synonyms: dodge, evade, outwit,  stop, thwart, foil

Antonyms: confront, encounter, encourage, face

Usage:  It hopes crowdfunding will circumvent these obstacles and create new opportunities. Mathematical procedures, such as Fourier deconvolution and derivation, have been developed to circumvent this problem.

2) thaw (verb) – पिघलाना

Meaning To gradually melt, dissolve, or become fluid Make or become friendlier or more cordial

Synonyms: soften, dissolve,  become, friendlier, loosen up

Antonyms: condense, assemble, coagulate, concentrate

Usage: Even during the brief periods of thaw there was little space for innovation, critique, or the avant-garde.

3) daggers drawn (adj) – कट्टर शत्रु

Meaning If you say that two people are at daggers drawn, you mean they are having an argument and are still very angry with each other.

Usage: She and her mother were atdaggers drawn.

4) wean (noun) – छुड़ाना

Meaning Overpowering force

Synonyms: ancestor, begetter, detach, deter, discourage, dissuade

Antonyms: unite, join, marry, couple

Usage: Patients were screened daily using published guidelines for ability to wean from the mechanical ventilator.

5) Revocation (noun) – प्रतिसंहरण

Meaning An act or instance of revoking

Synonyms:  repeal, cancelation, abrogation, annulment, rescission, voiding, rescindment

Antonyms: continuation, approval, confirmation

Usage:  The second violation would lead to temporary revocation of network privileges..

6) Flagrant (noun) – बुरी तरह से दुष्ट

Meaning done in an obvious way that shows you do not care if you break rules or offend people; Horrifyingly wicked

Synonyms: outrageous, dreadful, enormous, shocking, atrocious, brazen, abominable contemptible, despicable

Antonyms: obscure, arcane, abstruse, inconceivable

Usage: In flagrant violation of all existing legal principles, the detainee must then prove his innocence.

7) Absolve (noun) – दोषमुक्त

Meaning  The best of its kind or class; To remove from suspicion or guilt

Synonyms: acquit, exonerate, free, vindicate, discharge, exculpate

Antonyms: reprimand, rebuke, chide, scold, criticise, criticize, berate, admonish, chastise, indict

Usage: So I hereby absolve myself of guilt should he ever read this.

8) Inscrutable (Adj) – असंवेदनशील

Meaning Having a covert or obscure meaning; Impossible to understand or interpret

Synonyms: opaque, unfathomable, impenetrable, obscure, abstruse, ambiguous, baffling

Antonyms: clear, obvious, plain, accessible

Usage:  Newspaper stories see the light of day for all sorts of strange and inscrutable reasons.

9) Alacrity (Adj)-  तत्परता

Meaning speed and eagerness

Synonyms: rapidness, rapidity, swiftness, quickness

Antonyms: dullness, inertia, lethargy, reluctance

Usage: Dillingham pointed out that in certain cases the FAA has acted with alacrity.

10) Infinitesimal (Adj) – बहुत छोटा

Meaning: incalculably, exceedingly, or immeasurably minute ; That cannot be observed

Synonyms: negligible, imperceptible, indiscernible

Antonyms: huge, enormous, large, astronomic

Usage: Let us conceive the zone in question to be divided into infinitesimal rings of equal area.

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