The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: June Month – Day 24

1) Pandemic (Noun) – महामारी

Meaning: prevalent over a whole country or the world.

Synonyms: widespread, prevalent, pervasive

Antonyms: exclusive, extraordinary, incomplete

Usage: The WHO announces COVID-19 as pandemic.

2) Prudent (Adjective) – विवेकी

Meaning: acting with or showing care and thought for the future.

Synonyms: wise, well judged, judicious

Antonyms: unwise, imprudent, incautious

Usage: “no prudent money manager would authorize a loan without first knowing its purpose”

3) Incapacitated (Verb) – अक्षम

Meaning: prevent from functioning in a normal way.

Synonyms: disabled, debilitated, indisposed

Antonyms: fit

Usage: “he was incapacitated by a heart attack”

4) Malaise (Noun) – अस्वस्थता

Meaning: a general feeling of discomfort, illness, or unease whose exact cause is difficult to identify.

Synonyms: unhappiness, restlessness, uneasiness

Antonyms: comfort, well-being

Usage: “a general air of malaise”

5) Stringent (Adjective) – कड़ी से कड़ी 

Meaning: strict, precise, and exacting.

Synonyms: strict, firm, rigid

Antonyms: lenient, flexible

Usage: “stringent guidelines on air pollution”

6) Apprehensive (Adjective) – आशंकावान

Meaning: anxious or fearful that something bad or unpleasant will happen.

Synonyms: anxious, alarmed, worried

Antonyms: confident

Usage: “he felt apprehensive about going home”

7) Obscure (Adjective) – अस्पष्ट 

Meaning: not discovered or known about; uncertain.

Synonyms: unclear, uncertain, unknown

Antonyms: clear, apparent, evident

Usage: “his origins and parentage are obscure”

8) Abiding (Adjective) – स्थायी

Meaning: lasting a long time; enduring.

Synonyms: enduring, lasting, persisting

Antonyms: short-lived, ephemeral, transitory

Usage: “he had an abiding respect for her”

9) Trauma (Noun) – अभिघात

Meaning: physical injury.

Synonyms: injury, damage, hurt

Antonyms: healing

Usage: “rupture of the diaphragm caused by blunt trauma”

10) Clusters (Noun) – समूह 

Meaning: a group of similar things or people positioned or occurring closely together.

Synonyms: bunch, clump, collection

Antonyms: individual, one, whole

Usage: “clusters of creamy-white flowers”

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