1) Opaque (Adj) – अपारदर्शी
Meaning: Not able to be seen through
Synonyms: non-transparent, clouded, dirty, dingy, dull, smeared, grimy, lusterless
Antonyms: transparent, crystal-clear
Usage: Telangana has still not ramped up testing numbers adequately and has been opaque in the release of testing data.
2) Hubris (noun) – घमंड, अहंकार
Meaning: lasting for a long time or slow to end. Excessive pride, presumption or arrogance (originally toward the gods)
Synonyms: vanity, arrogance, conceitedness, pride self-importance, haughtiness, contemptuousness, disdainfulness, vainglory, narcissism
Antonyms: modesty, humility, respect, timidity, shyness, unpretentiousness, meekness
Usage: Nepal’s ability to dare India is a sign of our diminished power and diplomatic hubris.
3) Maxim (adj) – कहावत
Meaning: A pithy expression of a general principle or rule
Synonyms: phrases, shibboleth, epigraph, quotation
Antonyms: activity, execution, doing, implementation, movement, ambiguity
Usage: It is probably a wise maxim in any democracy
4) Snobbery (noun) – असभ्यता का गुण
Meaning: The property or trait of being a snob
Antonyms: respectshynesstimidity, meekness
Usage: It is often subject to elite snobbery.
5) Hounded (verb) – मजबूर या विवश करना
Meaning: To have caused someone to do something, usually against their inclinations
Synonyms: daunted, coerced, compelled, required, induced, obliged, pressed
Antonyms: relaxed, calm, untroubled, happy, collected
Usage: Both are on display in the way in which anti-CAA protestors are being hounded.
6) Inordinate (Adj) – असामान्य
Meaning: Unreasonable or inappropriate in magnitude
Synonyms: uncurbed, unlimited, immeasurable, untempered, wanton, extortionate, gratuitous
Antonyms: hesitant, wary, embarrassed, unassertive.
Usage: Most citizens were willing to go to inordinate lengths to support the effort.
7) Pawn (Noun) – जमानत, जमा, वारंटी
Meaning: Something deposited or pledged as a guarantee of the fulfilment of an undertaking or loan
Synonyms: bail, deposit, warranty, indemnity, promise, contract, covenant
Antonyms: uncertainty, breach, jeopardy, exposure.
Usage: Instead of taking responsibility, take the credit and pawn the blame
8) Cogently (Adv) – प्रबलता से
Meaning: In a forceful or powerful manner
Synonyms: coercively, intensely, actively, violently, fiercely.
Antonyms: incredulously, questionably, strangely, unsoundly, inadequately
Usage: The Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong’s perceptive essay in the latest issue of Foreign Affairs cogently spells out the dilemma that confronts Singapore
9) Hegemony (noun)- नायकत्व
Meaning: Domination, influence, or authority over another, especially by one political group over a society.
Synonyms: dominion, stewardship, sway, sovereignty, ascendance
Antonyms: servility, subjection, subservience, yielding, surrender, impotence
Usage: The Indo-Pacific has prospered under American hegemony for the previous 40 years
10) Consternation (noun) – विस्मय, भ्रम, उन्माद
Meaning: A sudden upsetting or surprising event or experience
Synonyms: astonishment, confusion, hysteria, stupefaction
Antonyms: cheer, felicity, placidity, quiescence
Usage: The shelling and the retaliations along the Line of Control with Pakistan are a matter of consternation.
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