1) brinkmanship (noun) – पैंतरेबाज़ी
Meaning: the art or practise of pursuing a dangerous policy to the limits of safety before stopping, especially in politics.
Synonyms: manoeuvring, politicking
Antonyms: tediousness, languor, ennui.
Usage: After months of brinkmanship, India and Nepal have brought their relations to the edge of a precipice(a very steep rock face or cliff, especially a tall one).
2) flinched (verb) – एक त्वरित, घबराए संचालन करना
Meaning: make a quick, nervous movement, especially as an instinctive reaction to fear, pain, or surprise
Synonyms: winced, cringed, blenched, recoiled, started, quailed, quaked
Antonyms: confront, edfaced, forged, met, remained, stayed
Usage: The Modi government has in the past not flinched from taking tough measures, including the 2015 blockade that severely affected India’s landlocked neighbour.
3) forbearance (Noun) – सहनशीलता
Meaning: make (something bad or unsatisfactory) better.
Synonyms: tweak, enhance, ease, redress
Antonyms: worsen, deteriorate,
Usage: Since the full lockdown lasted longer than initially envisaged(foresee, predict), and only began to unwind this month, the forbearance on offer was a necessary step.
4) overturned (verb) – पलटना
Meaning: Inverted, so that the top is now at the bottom.
Synonyms: upended, upturned, inverted, reversed, backward, capsized
Antonyms: careful, formal, standard, disciplined, coherent
Usage: His decision, now overturned by the Delhi Lieutenant Governor.
5) tenuous (Adj) – कठिन
Meaning: Very slender or fine
Synonyms: ethereal, narrow, reedy, twiggy, light, insubstantial, dainty, vaporous
Antonyms: substantial, convincing, significant, solid, sound, definite
Usage: This apoliticism of the AAP, however, was always a tenuous claim.
6) whirlwind (Adj) – बवंडर
Meaning: Moving or proceeding with significant speed
Synonyms: headlong, impulsive, dizzy, tumultuous
Antonyms: prepense, vigilant, well-thought-out, apprehensive, reserved
Usage: But the whirlwind unleashed(unravel, reveal, release) by the Bharatiya Janata Party threw him off balance on his tightrope.
7) purged (Verb) – शुद्ध करना
Meaning: rid of; clean out
Synonyms: evicted, excluded, exterminated, sacked, absolved, cleared out, forgave
Antonyms: castigated, charged, condemned, constructed, created, dirtied
Usage: They were purged from the party.
8) metamorphosed (Verb) – कायापलट होना
Meaning: To have become something different
Synonyms: evolved, converted, reformed, turned
Antonyms: stalled, stayed, stayed the same, ,clung, hibernated, clinged
Usage: The IAC was a heterogeneous(diverse in character or content) crowd ranging from non-governmental organisations to the RSS; AAP metamorphosed as majoritarian in instincts and authoritarian in practice. Mr Kejriwal had figured the cocktail that sways politics
9) disenfranchised (Verb)- असुरक्षित, रक्षाहीन होना
Meaning: Lacking sufficient power or strength
Synonyms: vulnerable, defenceless, ineffectual, dependent, feeble, impuissant
Antonyms: strong, mighty, potent, puissant
Usage: He could harvest the sentiments of those disenfranchised and brutalize by the market
10) Feign (verb) – बहाना करना
Meaning: To make a false show or pretence of
Synonyms: counterfeit, devise, dissemble, forge, fabricate, masquerade, play-act, pose, posture, profess
Antonyms: reveal, be original, show, disclose, divulge
Usage: He feigns humility and claims to listen to the people.
- Daily Current Affairs in English 11 Sep 2022 – Useful for all Competitive Exams
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- Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Sep Month – Day 9
- Daily Current Affairs in English 10 Sep 2022 – Useful for all Competitive Exams