The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: June Month – Day 12

1) Catastrophe (Noun) – विभीषिका

Meaning: an event causing great and usually sudden damage or suffering; a disaster.

Synonyms: disaster, calamity, cataclysm

Antonyms: salvation, godsend

Usage: “an environmental catastrophe”

2) Frayed (Verb) – उधेड़ना

Meaning: unravel or become worn at the edge, typically through constant rubbing.

Synonyms: unravel, wear

Antonyms: pristine, new, current

Usage: “cheap fabric soon frays”

3) Galvanising (Verb) – झटका या चौंका देना

Meaning: shock or excite (someone) into taking action.

Synonyms: jolt, shock, startle

Antonyms: demotivate

Usage: “the urgency of his voice galvanized them into action”

4) Compliance (Noun) – अनुपालन

Meaning: excessive acquiescence.

Synonyms: acquiescence, agreement, assent

Antonyms: defiance

Usage: “the appalling compliance with government views shown by the commission”

5) Culminated (Verb) – समापन हुआ

Meaning: reach a climax or point of highest development.

Synonyms: peak, climax, reach a pinnacle

Antonyms: start, begin, peter out

Usage: “weeks of violence culminated in the brutal murder of a magistrate”

6) Scramble (Verb) – अपना रास्ता बनाना 

Meaning: make one’s way quickly or awkwardly up a steep gradient or over rough ground by using one’s hands as well as one’s feet.

Synonyms: clamber, climb, crawl

Antonyms: calm, order, organisation

Usage: “we scrambled over the damp boulders”

7) Tenuous (Adjective) – बहुत कमजोर 

Meaning: very weak or slight.

Synonyms: slight, insubstantial, flimsy

Antonyms: convincing, substantial, strong

Usage: “the tenuous link between interest rates and investment”

8) Contingent (Noun) – आकस्मिक

Meaning: subject to chance.

Synonyms: chance, accidental, fortuitous

Antonyms: predictable

Usage: “the contingent nature of the job”

9) Hapless (Adjective) – अभागी 

Meaning: unfortunate.

Synonyms: unlucky, luckless, out of luck

Antonyms: lucky

Usage: “the hapless victims of the disaster”

10) Surmised (Verb) – अनुमान लगाना 

Meaning: suppose that something is true without having evidence to confirm it.

Synonyms: guess, conjecture, suspect

Antonyms: know

Usage: “he surmised that something must be wrong”

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