The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: June Month – Day 10

1) Abide (Verb) – पालन करना

Meaning: accept or act in accordance with (a rule, decision, or recommendation).

Synonyms: comply with, obey, observe

Antonyms: flout, reject

Usage: “I said I would abide by their decision”

2) Litigation (Noun) – मुक़दमेबाज़ी

Meaning: the process of taking legal action.

Synonyms: legal proceeding(s), legal action, lawsuit

Antonyms:demand, order

Usage: “the company wishes to avoid litigation

3) Expertise (Noun) – विशेषज्ञता

Meaning: expert skill or knowledge in a particular field.

Synonyms: skill, skilfulness, expertness

Antonyms:  incompetence

Usage: “technical expertise”

4) Redress (Verb) – ठीक या सही करना

Meaning: remedy or set right (an undesirable or unfair situation).

Synonyms: rectify, correct, put/set/make right

Antonyms: damage, destruction, hindrance

Usage: “the power to redress the grievances of our citizens”

5) Moot (Adjective) – विवादास्पद

Meaning: subject to debate, dispute, or uncertainty.

Synonyms: debatable, open to debate, open to discussion

Antonyms: accomplished, certain, hands-down

Usage: “whether the temperature rise was mainly due to the greenhouse effect was a moot point”

6) Salutary (Adjective) – हितकर

Meaning: with reference to something unwelcome or unpleasant) producing good effects; beneficial.

Synonyms: beneficial, good, good for one

Antonyms: unwelcome, irrelevant

Usage: “it failed to draw salutary lessons from Britain’s loss of its colonies”

7) Purge (Verb) – शुद्ध करना

Meaning:free someone or something from (an unwanted quality, condition, or feeling).

Synonyms: cleanse, clear, purify

Antonyms: dirtying, holding, keeping

Usage: “his hatred was purged”

8) Stout (Adjective) – मोटा या भारी  

Meaning: rather fat or of heavy build.

Synonyms: fat, fattish, plump

Antonyms: thin, slender

Usage:”stout middle-aged men”

9) Buttress (Verb) – मजबूत बनाना

Meaning: increase the strength of or justification for; reinforce.

Synonyms:  strengthen, reinforce, fortify

Antonyms: weaken, let down, undermine

Usage: “authority was buttressed by religious belief”

10) Bode (Verb) – भविष्यव्दाणी

Meaning: be a portent of a particular outcome.

Synonyms: portend, foretell, prophesy

Antonyms: discourage, disincline, inhibit

Usage: “their argument did not bode well for the future”

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