English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: June Month – Day 1

1) Resumption (Noun) – पुनरारंभ

Meaning: the action of beginning something again after a pause or interruption.

Synonyms: restart, restarting, recommencement

Antonyms: suspension, abandonment

Usage: “with peace came the resumption of foreign imports”

2) Diligence (Noun) – लगन

Meaning: careful and persistent work or effort.

Synonyms: conscientiousness, assiduousness, assiduity

Antonyms: laziness, carelessness

Usage: “few party members challenge his diligence as an MP”

3) Mitigating (Verb) – न्यूनीकरण करना

Meaning: make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful.

Synonyms: alleviate, reduce, diminish

Antonyms: aggravate, increase, intensify

Usage: “drainage schemes have helped to mitigate this problem”

4) Vulnerable (Adjective) – भेद्य

Meaning: exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.

Synonyms: in danger, in peril, in jeopardy

Antonyms: well protected, invulnerable, resilient

Usage: “we were in a vulnerable position”

5) Curtailment (Noun) – कटौती

Meaning: the action or fact of reducing or restricting something.

Synonyms: reduction, cut, cutback

Antonyms: increase, expansion

Usage: “the curtailment of human rights”

6) Modest (Adjective) – विनयपूर्ण

Meaning: unassuming in the estimation of one’s abilities or achievements.

Synonyms: self-effacing, self-deprecating

Antonyms: boastful, conceited

Usage: “he was a very modest man, refusing to take any credit for the enterprise”

7) Ethos (Noun) – लोकाचार

Meaning: the characteristic spirit of a culture, era, or community as manifested in its attitudes and aspirations.

Synonyms: spirit, character, atmosphere

Antonyms: abstract, exterior

Usage: “a challenge to the ethos of the 1960s”

8) Engulfed (Verb) – घिरा हुआ

Meaning: sweep over (something) so as to surround or cover it completely.

Synonyms: inundate, flood, deluge

Antonyms: unflooded, uninundated

Usage: “the cafe was engulfed in flames”

9) Thugs (Noun) – ठग या गुण्डा

Meaning: a violent person, especially a criminal.

Synonyms: ruffian, hoodlum, bully boy

Antonyms: law, police

Usage: “he was attacked by a gang of thugs”

10) Inevitable (Adjective) – अवश्यंभावी

Meaning: certain to happen; unavoidable.

Synonyms: unavoidable, inescapable

Antonyms: avoidable, uncertain

Usage: “war was inevitable”

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