The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: July Month– Day 23

FAWNING (adjective) : चापलूस

  • Meaning: displaying exaggerated flattery or affection; obsequious.
  • अर्थ: अतिरंजित चापलूसी या स्नेह प्रदर्शित करना; चापलूस।
  • Synonyms: sycophantic, ingratiating, subservient, cajoling.
  • Antonyms: imperious, domineering, peremptory, opinionated.
  • Example: Because Larry really wants a promotion, he spends a great deal of time fawning over his boss.

FURLOUGH (noun) : लम्बी छुट्टी

  • Meaning: leave of absence, especially that granted to a member of the services of a missionary.
  • अर्थ: अनुपस्थिति की छुट्टी, विशेष रूप से जो एक मिशनरी की सेवाओं के एक सदस्य को दी गई है।
  • Synonyms: break, rest, recess, a day off.
  • Antonyms: rehire, recall, travail, toil.
  • Example: I have just learned that Cousin George has got his furlough extended thirty days.

SMUG (adjective) : आत्मसंतुष्ट

  • Meaning: having or showing an excessive pride in oneself or one’s achievements.
  • अर्थ: स्वयं या किसी की उपलब्धियों में अत्यधिक अभिमान होना या दिखाना।
  • Synonyms: bighead, conceitedness, ego, vainglory.
  • Antonyms: diffidence, bashfulness, demureness, shyness.
  • Example: Because Amit had a smug attitude during his meeting with the principal, he projected the image he was proud of his misdeeds.

ENSCONCE (Verb) : स्थापित करना

  • Meaning: establish or settle (someone) in a comfortable, safe place.
  • अर्थ: किसी आरामदायक, सुरक्षित जगह पर (किसी को) स्थापित या बसाना।
  • Synonyms: settle, install, establish, entrench
  • Antonyms: depart, displace
  • Example: Clara is comfortably ensconced in a beach chair and has no immediate plans to return to work.

SURMISE (Verb) : शंका

  • Meaning: suppose that something is true without having evidence to confirm it.
  • अर्थ: मान लीजिए कि किसी चीज़ की पुष्टि किए बिना सबूत के बिना कुछ सच है।
  • Synonyms: guess, conjecture, deduce, infer
  • Antonyms: know
  • Example: Jason knew it was wrong of him to surmise his brother had stolen his money without actual proof.

GOAD (Verb) : उसकाव

  • Meaning: provoke or annoy (someone) so as to stimulate an action or reaction.
  • अर्थ: किसी क्रिया या प्रतिक्रिया को उत्तेजित करने के लिए उकसाना या नाराज करना (किसी को)।
  • Synonyms: provoke, spur, prick, sting
  • Antonyms: aid, dissuade
  • Example: My mother is going to try and goad her dog into getting off the bed by offering him a treat.

Axiomatic(Adjective) : स्वयं स्पष्ट

  • Meaning: self-evident or unquestionable.
  • अर्थ: स्वयं स्पष्ट या निर्विवाद।
  • Synonym: Understood, Given, Granted, self-evident
  • Antonym: Misunderstood, uncertain
  • Usage: The arithmetic principles are axiomatic in nature.

Connivance(Noun) : मिलीभगत

  • Meaning: Secretly involved in immoral or illegal activity.
  • अर्थ: अनैतिक या अवैध गतिविधि में गुप्त रूप से शामिल।
  • Synonym: Involvement, assistance, conspiracy, intrigue
  • Antonym: Disapprobation, rejection, dislike
  • Usage: With the connivance of the government, the Indian army planned a surgical strike.

Ephemeral(Adjective) : अल्पकालिक

  • Meaning: Lasting for short time
  • अर्थ: कम समय तक रहना
  • Synonyms: Temporary, Short-lived, transient.
  • Antonyms: long-lived, enduring, everlasting, eternal, perpetual.
  • Usage: time is ephemeral so don’t waste it.

Mundane (Adjective) : सांसारिक

  • Meaning:  Found in the ordinary course of events
  • अर्थ: घटनाओं के साधारण पाठ्यक्रम में मिला
  • Synonyms: dime, stale, sober, humdrum, day-to-day
  • Antonyms: unusual, Exciting, extraordinary.
  • Usage: The list included many mundane, routine tasks.

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