The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: July Month – Day 18

1)  Sophistry (verb) –

Meaning: The art of using deceptive speech or writing; Talk intended to confuse; Excessive concern with minor details and rules

Synonyms: pedantry dogmatism double talk deceit fallacy equivocation dishonesty

Antonyms: honesty truth openness

Usage:  While there can be no argument about the importance of development projects, it has resorted to sophistry in classifying activity for exemptions.

2) spearheaded (verb) –

Meaning: To have shown the way by being in front; to have pioneered; to get a sizable lead in a contest;

Synonyms: leaded led headed captained commanded established innovated

Antonyms: followed trailed tailed discouraged dissuaded

Usage: The mass  sit-ins  since  June  have  attracted  wider  support from  the professional  classes  that  spearheaded  the 2019 popular uprising that led to the fall of the autocratic regime of Mr Bashir

3) Tenuous (verb) –

Meaning: Very slender or fine; Lasting for a very short time; Not conspicuous; Subject to dispute or questions;

Synonyms; weak doubtful dubious flimsy unnoticeable camouflaged concealed evanescent ephemeral fleeting momentary fine attenuated delicate

Antonyms– strong substantial convincing significant obvious blatant clear

Usage: The issue will test the tenuous ties between the military and the civilian led government and the credibility of the progress to a participatory democracy.

4) Milieu (verb) –

Meaning: A social setting or environment; A place where one is or has been

Synonyms: environment setting surroundings location habitat home

Antonyms:  old-fashioned composure

Usage:  Will  the changed milieu have an impact on this?

5) Concussion (noun) –

Meaning: temporary unconsciousness or confusion caused by a blow to the head;

Synonyms: impact, crash, jolt

Antonyms: avoidance, building, compliment, construction

Usage:  Unless he’s staying overnight because of that mild concussion we’re back to sharing a room.

6) Unwittingly (adj) –

Meaning: In an accidental manner;

Synonyms: impressionably inexperiencedly fortuitously inadvertently accidentally unintentionally

Antonyms: knowingly intentionally deliberately

Usage: While   disrupting     care,     it     may     have unwittingly lead to some ‘desirable’ changes by the circumstantial curb   on   unwarranted   medical practices

7) Churning (Noun) –

Meaning: to rise and fall rhythmically or spasmodically, sometimes violently;

Synonyms: eddying surging billowing agitating boiling seething swirling effervescing

Antonyms: ethereal insubstantial subtle vaporous freezing

Usage: This churning may even lead to genuine reflection among healthcare providers.

8) nudge (noun) –

Meaning: To coax or gently encourage (someone) to do something; To drive spiritually or urge someone on; Have a specified relationship with another thing or person in terms of nature or quality;

Synonyms: encourage inspire motivate prompt prod urge encourage compare correlate match

Antonyms: discourage dissuade pull repress abstain manhandle refrain

Usage:  Will lessons learnt during the epidemic nudge us towards rational and ethical care?

9) Skirmish (noun) –

Meaning: an episode of irregular or unpremeditated fighting, especially between small or outlying parts of armies or fleets.

Synonyms: Confrontation, Conflict, Fight

Antonyms: Peace, truce, Unanimity

Usage: If such skirmishes normally follow the melting of snowlines, for example, then why was the LAC not adequately manned

10) advocacy (verb) –

Meaning: support for an idea or cause

Synonyms: espousal promotion recommendation support

Antonyms: attack discouragement opposition

Usage: While avoiding advocacy of zero-sum  solutions  on  crucial  issues,  both countries must seek to harmonise strategic and other interests in line with common values and socioeconomic compulsions

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