1) Sophistry (verb) –
Meaning: The art of using deceptive speech or writing; Talk intended to confuse; Excessive concern with minor details and rules
Synonyms: pedantry dogmatism double talk deceit fallacy equivocation dishonesty
Antonyms: honesty truth openness
Usage: While there can be no argument about the importance of development projects, it has resorted to sophistry in classifying activity for exemptions.
2) spearheaded (verb) –
Meaning: To have shown the way by being in front; to have pioneered; to get a sizable lead in a contest;
Synonyms: leaded led headed captained commanded established innovated
Antonyms: followed trailed tailed discouraged dissuaded
Usage: The mass sit-ins since June have attracted wider support from the professional classes that spearheaded the 2019 popular uprising that led to the fall of the autocratic regime of Mr Bashir
3) Tenuous (verb) –
Meaning: Very slender or fine; Lasting for a very short time; Not conspicuous; Subject to dispute or questions;
Synonyms; weak doubtful dubious flimsy unnoticeable camouflaged concealed evanescent ephemeral fleeting momentary fine attenuated delicate
Antonyms– strong substantial convincing significant obvious blatant clear
Usage: The issue will test the tenuous ties between the military and the civilian led government and the credibility of the progress to a participatory democracy.
4) Milieu (verb) –
Meaning: A social setting or environment; A place where one is or has been
Synonyms: environment setting surroundings location habitat home
Antonyms: old-fashioned composure
Usage: Will the changed milieu have an impact on this?
5) Concussion (noun) –
Meaning: temporary unconsciousness or confusion caused by a blow to the head;
Synonyms: impact, crash, jolt
Antonyms: avoidance, building, compliment, construction
Usage: Unless he’s staying overnight because of that mild concussion we’re back to sharing a room.
6) Unwittingly (adj) –
Meaning: In an accidental manner;
Synonyms: impressionably inexperiencedly fortuitously inadvertently accidentally unintentionally
Antonyms: knowingly intentionally deliberately
Usage: While disrupting care, it may have unwittingly lead to some ‘desirable’ changes by the circumstantial curb on unwarranted medical practices
7) Churning (Noun) –
Meaning: to rise and fall rhythmically or spasmodically, sometimes violently;
Synonyms: eddying surging billowing agitating boiling seething swirling effervescing
Antonyms: ethereal insubstantial subtle vaporous freezing
Usage: This churning may even lead to genuine reﬂection among healthcare providers.
8) nudge (noun) –
Meaning: To coax or gently encourage (someone) to do something; To drive spiritually or urge someone on; Have a specified relationship with another thing or person in terms of nature or quality;
Synonyms: encourage inspire motivate prompt prod urge encourage compare correlate match
Antonyms: discourage dissuade pull repress abstain manhandle refrain
Usage: Will lessons learnt during the epidemic nudge us towards rational and ethical care?
9) Skirmish (noun) –
Meaning: an episode of irregular or unpremeditated fighting, especially between small or outlying parts of armies or fleets.
Synonyms: Confrontation, Conflict, Fight
Antonyms: Peace, truce, Unanimity
Usage: If such skirmishes normally follow the melting of snowlines, for example, then why was the LAC not adequately manned
10) advocacy (verb) –
Meaning: support for an idea or cause
Synonyms: espousal promotion recommendation support
Antonyms: attack discouragement opposition
Usage: While avoiding advocacy of zero-sum solutions on crucial issues, both countries must seek to harmonise strategic and other interests in line with common values and socioeconomic compulsions
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