The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: July Month– Day 17

SISYPHEAN(Adjective) : व्यर्थ

  • Meaning: Referring to a task that can never be finished
  • अर्थ: ऐसे कार्य का जिक्र करना जो कभी समाप्त नहीं हो सकता
  • Synonym: futile, fruitless
  • Antonym: effective, useful
  • Usage: It’s a difficult task, maybe even a Sisyphean one, but it’s a challenge for someone to do.

IGNOMINY(Noun) : बदनामी

  • Meaning: Public shame or loss of Honor
  • अर्थ: सार्वजनिक शर्म या सम्मान की हानि
  • Synonym: shame, disgrace
  • Antonym: honor, pride
  • Usage: If defaulters don’t come forward, they will face charges and the public ignominy of being named.

FRAUGHT(Adjective) : भरा हुआ

  • Meaning: Filled with or attended with
  • अर्थ: के साथ भरा या साथ भाग लिया
  • Synonym: charged, laden
  • Antonym: empty, devoid
  • Usage: Her birthday was fraught with awkward moments when her family saw her blue hair.


UNHINGE(Verb) : घबराना

  • Meaning: Disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried or alarmed
  • अर्थ: मन में व्याकुलता या बेचैनी या चिंतित या चिंतित होने का कारण
  • Synonym: distract, disturb
  • Antonym: pacify, mollify
  • Usage: He was snide too, bringing up how much of a hound Mitch was and how that might unhinge any woman’s mind.

SLOVENLY(Adjective) : किसी न किसी प्रकार

  • Meaning: Careless, untidy or dirty in appearance or habits.
  • अर्थ: दिखने या आदतों में लापरवाह, असावधान या गंदा।
  • Synonym: sloppy, messy
  • Antonym: dapper, smart
  • Usage: Despite her basic beauty, she has a slovenly appearance, as though some strange magnetism randomly attaches clothes to her body every morning.

DOWNTRODDEN (adjective) : लताड़ा हुआ

  • Meaning: Oppressed or treated badly by people in power.
  • अर्थ: सत्ता में बैठे लोगों द्वारा किया गया अत्याचार या बुरा व्यवहार।
  • Synonyms: persecuted, exploited, repressed, tyrannized.
  • Antonyms: protected, respected, guarded, favored.
  • Usage: His claim to be a representative of the downtrodden masses is, of course, completely bogus.

INCONCEIVABLE(adjective) : अचिंतनीय

  • Meaning: not capable of being imagined or grasped mentally; unbelievable.
  • अर्थ: मानसिक रूप से कल्पना या समझ होने में सक्षम नहीं; अविश्वसनीय।
  • Synonyms: implausible, improbable, incredible, incogitable.
  • Antonyms: plausible, reasonable, tenable, conceivable.
  • Usage: When I looked at my outrageous hospital bill, I blinked at the inconceivable amount

DILATORY (adjective) : धीमा

  • Meaning: slow to act
  • अर्थ: कार्य करने में धीमा
  • Synonyms: sluggish, slothful, lax, slack.
  • Antonyms: fast, prompt, brisk, quick.
  • Usage: They were dilatory in providing the researchers with information.

DERISIVE(adjective) : व्यंग्यात्मक

  • Meaning: mocking and ridiculing
  • अर्थ: उपहास करना 
  • Synonyms: cheeky, scornful
  • Antonyms: polite, respectful
  • Usage: The bully let out a derisive laugh when mocking his classmate’s nerdy glasses.

REPROBATE (noun) : नीच

  • Meaning: an unprincipled person.
  • अर्थ: एक अप्रतिष्ठित व्यक्ति।
  • Synonyms: rogue, scoundrel, villain, wretch.
  • Antonyms: upright, virtuous, principled, righteous
  • Usage: Although the old man pretended to be a reprobate in public, in private he did a lot of good deeds for the homeless.

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