The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Jan Month– Day 26

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1) Decelerating (Verb) – धीमा करना

Meaning: reduce or cause to reduce in speed.

Synonyms: slow down, slow up, slow

Antonyms: accelerate

Usage: “the train began to decelerate”

2) Diminished (Verb) — कम करना

Meaning: make or become less.

Synonyms: decrease, decline, reduce

Antonyms: increase, flare up, get worse

Usage: “the new law is expected to diminish the government’s chances”

3) Plunged (Verb) – अचानक और अनियंत्रित रूप से गिरना

Meaning: fall suddenly and uncontrollably.

Synonyms: crash, plummet, pitch

Antonyms: rose, grew, improved

Usage: “a car swerved to avoid a bus and plunged into a ravine”

4) Slew (Noun) — निहत

Meaning: a large number or quantity of something.

Synonyms: abundance, barrel, basketful

Antonyms: ace, bit, dab

Usage: “he asked me a slew of questions”

5) Debilitating (Verb) – दुर्बल करना

Meaning: make (someone) very weak and infirm.

Synonyms: weakening, enfeebling, enervating

Antonyms: restorative

Usage: “he was severely debilitated by a stomach upset”

6) Engendering (Verb) – कारण पैदा करना

Meaning: cause or give rise to (a feeling, situation, or condition).

Synonyms: cause, be the cause of, give rise to

Antonyms: calming, destroying, discouraging

Usage: “the issue engendered continuing controversy”

7) Reprieve (Verb) — दण्डविराम

Meaning: cancel or postpone the punishment of (someone, especially someone condemned to death).

Synonyms: grant a stay of execution to

Antonyms: charge, punish

Usage: “under the new regime, prisoners under sentence of death were reprieved”

8) Espionage (Noun) — गुप्तचर्या

Meaning: the practice of spying or of using spies, typically by governments to obtain political and military information.

Synonyms: spying, undercover work

Antonyms: forthrightness, honesty

Usage: “the camouflage and secrecy of espionage”

9) Coerced (Verb) — मजबूर करना

Meaning: persuade (an unwilling person) to do something by using force or threats.

Synonyms: pressure, pressurize, bring pressure to bear on

Antonyms: persuade

Usage: “he was coerced into giving evidence”

10) Sham (Noun) – दिखावा

Meaning: a thing that is not what it is purported to be.

Synonyms: pretence, fake, act, fiction

Antonyms: the real McCoy, the genuine article

Usage: “our current free health service is a sham”


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