The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Jan Month– Day 25

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1) Couched (verb)

Meaningexpress (something) in language of a specified style.

Synonyms: express, phrase, word, frame, put, formulate

Antonyms: hide, conceal

Usage: “the assurances were couched in general terms”

2) Purportedly (adverb)

Meaning: as appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; allegedly.

Synonyms: allegedly

Usage: “the photos purportedly show Nina with a lover”

3) Reckless (adjective)

Meaning: heedless of danger or the consequences of one’s actions; rash or impetuous.

Synonyms: rash, careless, thoughtless, incautious, heedless

 Antonyms: careful, cautious

Usage: “you mustn’t be so reckless”

4) Reinforced (verb)

Meaning: strengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material.Synonyms: strengthen, fortify, bolster up, shore up

Antonyms: undercut, undermine

Usage: “the helmet has been reinforced with a double layer of cork”

5) Ratcheting (verb)

Meaningoperate by means of a ratchet.

Synonyms: abate, de-escalate, decline

Antonyms: appear, emerge, show up

Usage: “a ratcheted quick release system”

6) Perilous (adjective)

Meaning: full of danger or risk.

Synonyms: fraught with danger, hazardous, risky, unsafe

Usage: “a perilous journey south”

7) Inclination (noun)

Meaning: a person’s natural tendency or urge to act or feel in a particular way; a disposition.

Synonyms: tendency, propensity, proclivity, leaning

Antonyms: aversion, disinclination

Usage: “John was a scientist by training and inclination”

8) Ambiguity (noun)

Meaning: the quality of being open to more than one interpretation; inexactness.

Synonyms: ambivalence, equivocation

Antonyms: unambiguousness

Usage: “we can detect no ambiguity in this section of the Act”

9) Disrupted (verb)

Meaning: interrupt (an event, activity, or process) by causing a disturbance or problem.

Synonyms: throw into confusion, throw into disorder

Antonyms: organize, arrange

Usage: “flooding disrupted rail services”

10) Warts (noun)

Meaning: a small, hard, benign growth on the skin, caused by a virus.

Synonyms: growth, lump, swelling, protuberance, carbuncle

Antonyms: blatantly

Usage: “the toad possesses a dangerous poison in its large warts”


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