The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Jan Month– Day 13

1) Unprecedented (Adjective) – अभूतपूर्व

Meaning: never done or known before.

Synonyms: unparalleled, unequalled, unmatched

Antonyms: normal, common

Usage: “the government took the unprecedented step of releasing confidential correspondence”

2) Scourge (Noun) – एक व्यक्ति या बात जो बहुत परेशानी या पीड़ा का कारण बनती है

Meaning: a person or thing that causes great trouble or suffering.

Synonyms: affliction, bane, curse

Antonyms: blessing, godsend

Usage: “the scourge of mass unemployment”

3) Bout (Noun) – एक छोटी अवधि

Meaning: a short period of intense activity of a specified kind.

Synonyms: spell, period, time

Antonyms: stagnation, inaction, idleness

Usage: “occasional bouts of strenuous exercise”

4) Trauma (Noun) – अभिघात

Meaning: physical injury.

Synonyms: injury, damage, hurt

Antonyms: healing

Usage: “rupture of the diaphragm caused by blunt trauma”

5) Deplorable (Adjective) – शर्मनाक

Meaning: deserving strong condemnation; completely unacceptable.

Synonyms: disgraceful, shameful, dishonourable

Antonyms: admirable

Usage: “children living in deplorable conditions”

6) Onus (Noun) – दायित्व

Meaning: something that is one’s duty or responsibility.

Synonyms: burden, responsibility, liability

Antonyms: advantage, aid, benefit

Usage: “the onus is on you to show that you have suffered loss”

7) Efficacy (Noun) – प्रभावोत्पादकता

Meaning: the ability to produce a desired or intended result.

Synonyms: effectiveness, success

Antonyms: inefficacy

Usage: “there is little information on the efficacy of this treatment”

8) Shuddering (Verb) – सिहरन

Meaning: tremble convulsively, typically as a result of fear or revulsion.

Synonyms: shake, shiver, tremble

Antonyms: stable, steady, calm

Usage: “she still shuddered at the thought of him”

9) Ramifications (Noun) – असर

Meaning: a complex or unwelcome consequence of an action or event.

Synonyms: consequence, result, aftermath

Antonyms: incapability, ineffectiveness, impotence

Usage: “any change is bound to have legal ramifications”

10) Encompass (Noun) – चारों ओर से घेरना

Meaning: surround and have or hold within.

Synonyms: surround, enclose, ring

Antonyms: exclude, omit, leave out

Usage: “this area of London encompasses Piccadilly to the north and St James’s Park to the south”

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