The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Jan Month– Day 1

1) Hostile (Adjective) – शत्रुतापूर्ण

Meaning: showing or feeling opposition or dislike; unfriendly.

Synonyms: antagonistic, aggressive, confrontational

Antonyms: friendly, mild

Usage: “a hostile audience”

2) Reluctant (Adjective) – अनिच्छुक

Meaning: unwilling and hesitant; disinclined.

Synonyms: unwilling, disinclined, unenthusiastic

Antonyms: willing, eager, ready

Usage: “today, many ordinary people are still reluctant to talk about politics”

3) Accentuated (Verb) – अधिक ध्यान देने योग्य या प्रमुख बनाना

Meaning: make more noticeable or prominent.

Synonyms: underscore, accent, highlight

Antonyms: mask, divert attention from

Usage: “his jacket unfortunately accentuated his paunch”

4) Debilitated (Verb) – दुर्बल करना    

Meaning: make (someone) very weak and infirm.

Synonyms: weakening, enfeebling, enervating

Antonyms: restorative

Usage: “he was severely debilitated by a stomach upset”

5) Bashing (Verb) – हिंसक तरीके से प्रहार करना 

Meaning: strike hard and violently.

Synonyms: strike, hit, beat

Antonyms: retreat

Usage: “she bashed him with the book”

6) Surge (Noun) – महोर्मि

Meaning: a sudden powerful forward or upward movement, especially by a crowd or by a natural force such as the tide.

Synonyms: gush, rush, outpouring

Antonyms: decline, decrease, fall

Usage: “flooding caused by tidal surges”

7) Cessation (Noun) – समाप्ति

Meaning: the fact or process of ending or being brought to an end.

Synonyms: end, ending, termination

Antonyms: start, resumption

Usage: “the cessation of hostilities”

8) Curb (Noun) – नियंत्रण

Meaning: a check or restraint on something.

Synonyms: restraint, restriction, check

Antonyms: encouragement, freedom, inside

Usage: “plans to introduce tougher curbs on insider dealing”

9) Emphasis (Noun) – प्रमुखता या महत्व

Meaning: special importance, value, or prominence given to something.

Synonyms: prominence, importance, significance

Antonyms: ignorance, incompetence, insignificance

Usage: “they placed great emphasis on the individual’s freedom”

10) Humane (Adjective) – मानवोचित

Meaning: having or showing compassion or benevolence.

Synonyms: compassionate, kind, kindly

Antonyms: cruel, inhumane

Usage: “regulations ensuring the humane treatment of animals”

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