The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Aug Month – Day 8

1) Clamouring (Verb) – जोर से चिल्लाना

Meaning: shout loudly and insistently.

Synonyms: yell, shout loudly, bay

Antonyms: acceptance, approval, calm

Usage: “the surging crowds clamoured for attention”

2) Palliatives (Noun) – उपशामक

Meaning: a palliative medicine, measure, etc.

Synonyms: painkiller, analgesic, pain reliever

Antonyms: treatments

Usage: “antibiotics and other palliatives”

3) Proactive (Adjective) – सक्रिय

Meaning: creating or controlling a situation rather than just responding to it after it has happened.

Synonyms: enterprising, take-charge, energetic

Antonyms: reactive, responsive

Usage: “employers must take a proactive approach to equal pay”

4) Laudable (Adjective) – प्रशंसनीय

Meaning: deserving praise and commendation.

Synonyms: praiseworthy, commendable, admirable

Antonyms: blameworthy, shameful

Usage: “laudable though the aim might be, the results have been criticized”

5) Spurring (Verb) – प्रोत्साहित करना

Meaning: give an incentive or encouragement to (someone).

Synonyms: encourage, prompt, propel

Antonyms: counterincentive, disincentive, block

Usage: “her sons’ passion for computer games spurred her on to set up a software business”

6) Trifle (Noun) – कम मूल्य या महत्व की चीज

Meaning: a thing of little value or importance.

Synonyms: inessential, nothing, technicality

Antonyms: essential, rudiment

Usage: “we needn’t trouble the headmaster over such trifles”

7) Whopping (Adjective) – विशाल

Meaning: very large.

Synonyms: huge, massive, enormous

Antonyms: microminiature, microscopic

Usage: “a whopping £74 million loss”

8) Turmoil (Noun) – उथल-पुथल

Meaning: a state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.

Synonyms: confusion, upheaval(s), turbulence

Antonyms: calm, peace

Usage: “the country was in turmoil”

9) Rebuffed (Verb) – अस्वीकार कर देना 

Meaning: reject (someone or something) in an abrupt or ungracious manner.

Synonyms: reject, turn down, spurn

Antonyms: accept, welcome

Usage: “I asked her to be my wife, and was rebuffed in no uncertain terms”

10) Contemplated (Verb) – विचार करना 

Meaning: look thoughtfully for a long time at.

Synonyms: look at, view, regard

Antonyms: rejected, rebuffed, shunned

Usage: “he contemplated his image in the mirrors”

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