The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Aug Month – Day 6

1) Maladies (Noun) – एक लाइलाज खराबी

Meaning: a disease or ailment.

Synonyms: illness, sickness, ailment

Antonyms: health, wellness, comfort

Usage: “an incurable malady”

2) Detrimental (Adjective) – हानिकारक

Meaning: tending to cause harm.

Synonyms: harmful, damaging, injurious

Antonyms:benign, beneficial

Usage: “recent policies have been detrimental to the interests of many old people”

3) Affliction (Noun) – यातना

Meaning: a cause of pain or harm.

Synonyms: disorder, disease, malady

Antonyms:advantage, aid, calm

Usage: “a crippling affliction of the nervous system”

4) Nonchalance (Noun) – शांत, शीतलता

Meaning: the state of being nonchalant.

Synonyms: calmness, coolness, insouciance

Antonyms: anxiety, concern

Usage: “an air of nonchalance”

5) Stiffer (Adjective) – कठोर या दृढ़

Meaning: not easily bent or changed in shape; rigid.

Synonyms: rigid, hard, firm

Antonyms: flexible, plastic, limp

Usage: “a stiff black collar”

6) Looming (Verb) – मंडरा रहा है

Meaning: (of an event regarded as threatening) seem about to happen.

Synonyms: be imminent, be on the horizon, impend

Antonyms: distant, later, remote

Usage: “there is a crisis looming”

7) Alleviate (Verb) – कम गंभीर बनाना

Meaning: make (suffering, deficiency, or a problem) less severe.

Synonyms: reduce, ease, relieve

Antonyms: aggravate

Usage: “he couldn’t prevent her pain, only alleviate it”

8) Exhorted (Verb) – आग्रह करना , प्रोत्साहित करना

Meaning: strongly encourage or urge (someone) to do something.

Synonyms: urge, encourage, call on

Antonyms: discourage

Usage:”I exhorted her to be a good child”

9)Semblance (Noun) – दिखावा  

Meaning: the outward appearance or apparent form of something, especially when the reality is different.

Synonyms:appearance, outward appearance, approximation

Antonyms: back, character, concrete

Usage: “she tried to force her thoughts back into some semblance of order”

10) Clamour (Noun) – कोलाहल  

Meaning: a loud and confused noise, especially that of people shouting.

Synonyms: din, racket, loud noise

Antonyms: silence

Usage: “the questions rose to a clamour”

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