The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: Aug Month – Day 12

1) Enthuse (Verb) – उत्साही बनना

Meaning: express eager enjoyment, interest, or approval regarding something.

Synonyms: rave, be enthusiastic, gush

Antonyms: bore, deaden, dull

Usage: “they both enthused over my new look”

2) Desperation (Noun) – निराशा की स्थिति

Meaning: a state of despair, typically one which results in rash or extreme behaviour.

Synonyms: hopelessness, despair, distress

Antonyms: hope, hopefulness, advantage

Usage: “she wrote to him in desperation”

3) Devouring (Verb) – भक्षण

Meaning: destroy completely.

Synonyms: destroy, consume, engulf

Antonyms: renewing, replacing, building

Usage: “the hungry flames devoured the old house”

4) Whittled (Verb) – छांटे जाते हैं

Meaning: reduce something in size, amount, or extent by a gradual series of steps.

Synonyms: erode, wear away, eat away

Antonyms: increase, augment

Usage: “the shortlist of fifteen was whittled down to five”

5) Liability (Noun) – देयता

Meaning: the state of being legally responsible for something.

Synonyms: accountability, responsibility, legal responsibility

Antonyms:        immunity

Usage: “once you contact the card protection scheme your liability for any loss ends”

6) Contingent (Adjective) – आकस्मिक

Meaning: subject to chance.

Synonyms: chance, accidental, fortuitous

Antonyms: predictable

Usage: “the contingent nature of the job”

7) Falter (Verb) – लड़खड़ाना

Meaning: lose strength or momentum.

Synonyms: hesitate, delay, drag one’s feet

Antonyms: conclude, decide, reach

Usage: “the music faltered, stopped, and started up again”

8) Pruning (Verb) – छंटाई

Meaning: reduce the extent of (something) by removing superfluous or unwanted parts.

Synonyms: reduce, cut, cut back

Antonyms: increase, enlargement, expansion

Usage: “the workforce was pruned”

9) Hog (Verb) – एकाधिकार करना

Meaning: take or use most or all of (something) in an unfair or selfish way.

Synonyms: monopolize, keep to oneself, dominate

Antonyms: share

Usage: “he never hogged the limelight”

10) Attrition (Noun) – संघर्षण

Meaning: the process of reducing something’s strength or effectiveness through sustained attack or pressure.

Synonyms: wearing down, wearing away, weakening

Antonyms: buildup, accretion, building

Usage: “the council is trying to wear down the opposition by attrition”

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