English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: April Month – Day 6

1) Paramount (Adjective) – आला दर्जे का

Meaning: more important than anything else; supreme.

Synonyms: uppermost, supreme, chief

Antonyms: least, last, inferior

Usage: “the interests of the child are of paramount importance”

2) Inflicted (Verb) – पीड़ा पहुंचाना

Meaning: cause (something unpleasant or painful) to be suffered by someone or something.

Synonyms: lay, impose, exact

Antonyms: held, holden, kept

Usage: “they inflicted serious injuries on three other men”

3) Allegedly (Adverb) – कथित तौर पर

Meaning: used to convey that something is claimed to be the case or have taken place, although there is no proof.

Synonyms: reportedly, supposedly, reputedly

Antonyms: dubiously, improbably, questionably

Usage: “he was allegedly a leading participant in the coup attempt”

4) Foe (Noun) – शत्रु

Meaning: an enemy or opponent.

Synonyms: enemy, adversary, opponent

Antonyms: friend

Usage: “his work was praised by friends and foes alike”

5) Implication (Noun) – निहितार्थ

Meaning: the conclusion that can be drawn from something although it is not explicitly stated.

Synonyms: suggestion, inference, insinuation

Antonyms: explicit statement

Usage: “the implication is that no one person at the bank is responsible”

6) Emphasise (Verb) – ज़ोर देना

Meaning: give special importance or value to (something) in speaking or writing.

Synonyms: highlight, point up, spotlight

Antonyms: understate, play down

Usage: “they emphasize the need for daily, one-to-one contact between parent and child”

7) Contagion (Noun) – रोग-संचार

Meaning: a disease spread by close contact.

Synonyms: contamination, infection, disease

Antonyms: advantage, cleanliness, purification

Usage: “through personal hygiene the spread of common contagions is discouraged”

8) Obfuscated (Verb) –    अस्पष्ट, भ्रमित

Meaning: make obscure, unclear, or unintelligible.

Synonyms: obscure, confuse

Antonyms: clarify

Usage: “the spelling changes will deform some familiar words and obfuscate their etymological origins”

9) Perilous (Adjective) – जोखिम से भरा 

Meaning: full of danger or risk.

Synonyms: dangerous, fraught with danger, hazardous

Antonyms: safe, secure

Usage: “a perilous journey south”

10) Hostility (Noun) – द्वेषभाव

Meaning: hostile behaviour; unfriendliness or opposition.

Synonyms: antagonism, unfriendliness, bitterness

Antonyms: friendliness, approval

Usage: “their hostility to all outsiders”

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