The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: April Month– Day 20

SEDITION (noun) : राज-द्रोह

  • Meaning: conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state or monarch.
  • अर्थ: किसी राज्य या सम्राट के अधिकार के खिलाफ लोगों को उकसाने के लिए आचरण या भाषण।
  • Synonyms: incitement, fomentation, provocation, agitation.
  • Antonyms: submission, appeasement, homage, devotion.
  • Usage: The extended geographical jurisdiction for offences is being used here not just to cover sedition, but also treason.

CARTEL (noun) : उत्पादक संघ

  • Meaning: an association of manufacturers or suppliers with the purpose of maintaining prices at a high level and restricting competition.
  • अर्थ: उच्च स्तर पर कीमतों को बनाए रखने और प्रतिस्पर्धा को प्रतिबंधित करने के उद्देश्य से निर्माताओं या आपूर्तिकर्ताओं का एक संघ।
  • Synonyms: consortium, alliance, union, confederation.
  • Antonyms: agnosticism, disunion, separation, distribution.
  • Usage: In their attempts to stem cut-throat price competition, railway leaders repeatedly formed cartels to set prices and allocate traffic.

PECULIARITY (noun) : विलक्षणता

  • Meaning: a strange or unusual feature or habit.
  • अर्थ: एक अजीब या असामान्य विशेषता या आदत।
  • Synonyms: abnormality, eccentricity, idiosyncrasy, oddity.
  • Antonyms: commonness, casual, normalcy, convention.
  • Usage: One peculiarity of this artist’s pictures was that he used actual gold leaf to make the high lights upon hair, leaves, and draperies.

DENT (noun) : कटाव

  • Meaning: a reduction in amount or size.
  • अर्थ: राशि या आकार में कमी।
  • Synonyms: reduction, depletion, deduction, cut.
  • Antonyms: boost, enlargement, gain, increase.
  • Usage: Both increased capacity and competition will allow consumers to pay less, putting a dent into corporate profits.

EXTERNALITY (noun) : बाह्यता

  • Meaning: a consequence of an industrial or commercial activity which affects other parties without this being reflected in market prices.
  • अर्थ: एक औद्योगिक या वाणिज्यिक गतिविधि का परिणाम जो अन्य दलों को प्रभावित करता है, इसके बिना बाजार की कीमतों में परिलक्षित होता है।
  • Synonyms: upshot, effect, repercussion, reverberations.
  • Antonyms: origin, root, source, cause.
  • Usage: Network externalities occur when markets characterized by network effects fail to allocate resources properly.

LEEWAY (noun) : स्वतंत्रता

  • Meaning: the amount of freedom to move or act that is available.
  • अर्थ: उपलब्ध होने या चलने की स्वतंत्रता की मात्रा।
  • Synonyms: scope, flexibility, liberty, indulgence.
  • Antonyms: constraint, restriction, inflexibleness, extremism.
  • Usage: Certainly, the government deserves a significant amount of leeway when it comes to endorsing the current administration.

DIRECTIVE (noun) : आदेश

  • Meaning: an official or authoritative instruction.
  • अर्थ:एक आधिकारिक या आधिकारिक निर्देश।
  • Synonyms: injunction, enjoinment, prescription, command.
  • Antonyms: entreaty, petition, plea, appeal.
  • Usage: The US government has no authority to issue directives to the country’s courts.

MISGIVING (noun) : संदेह

  • Meaning: a feeling of doubt or apprehension about the outcome or consequences of something.
  • अर्थ: किसी चीज के परिणाम या परिणाम के बारे में संदेह या आशंका की भावना।
  • Synonyms: qualm, doubt, reservation, scruple.
  • Antonyms: assurance, certainty, certitude, conviction.
  • Usage: Despite my misgivings, I picked up a box of these today when I filled the new prescription.

DEMISE (noun) : अंत

  • Meaning: the end or failure of an enterprise or institution.
  • अर्थ: किसी उद्यम या संस्था का अंत या विफलता।
  • Synonyms: disintegration, fall, downfall, ruin.
  • Antonyms: commencement, onset, launch, inception.
  • Usage: The services sector is all some regions in the UK have left after the demise of the manufacturing industry.

PROSPECT (noun) : संभावना

  • Meaning: the possibility or likelihood of some future event occurring.
  • अर्थ: भविष्य में होने वाली किसी घटना की संभावना या संभावना।
  • Synonyms: expectation, anticipation, chance, probability.
  • Antonyms: actuality, reality, certainty, doubtfulness.
  • Usage: Maybe the prospect of the landscape turning into a tourist facility will force a political change in the end.

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