The Hindu English Vocabulary

Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary: April Month– Day 19

NEUROSIS (NOUN) : विक्षिप्त

  • Meaning: mental and emotional disorder that affects only part of the personality
  • अर्थ: मानसिक और भावनात्मक विकार जो व्यक्तित्व के केवल हिस्से को प्रभावित करता है
  • Synonyms: aberration, dementia,hallucinosis, hypomania, paranoia
  • Antonyms: lucidity, rationality, rationalness, reasonability
  • Sentence: These are givers whose philanthropy has been absent neurosis and aggression

EPONYMOUS (adjective) : नामस्रोत

  • Meaning: of, relating to, or being the person or thing for whom or which something is named.
  • अर्थ: जिस व्यक्ति या किसी चीज़ का नाम रखा गया है, उसके लिए व्यक्ति या चीज़ से संबंधित है, या है।
  • Synonyms: namesake, cognominal, homonymous, swashbuckling.
  • Antonyms: anonymous, pseudo, unidentified, undisclosed.
  • Example: By a curious coincidence all the names of eponymous

DENIZEN (noun) : निवासी

  • Meaning: a person, animal, or plant that lives or is found in a particular place.
  • अर्थ: एक व्यक्ति, जानवर, या पौधे जो रहते हैं या किसी विशेष स्थान पर पाए जाते हैं।
  • Synonyms: inhabitant, occupant, resident, tenant.
  • Antonyms: visitor, emigrant, evacuee, expatriate.
  • Example: The author of Atlanta’s latest guidebook is a longtime denizen of the city who knows all the best places to visit.

DOLE(Noun) : ख़ैरात करना

  • Meaning: benefit paid by the state to the unemployed.
  • अर्थ: बेरोजगारों को राज्य द्वारा दिया गया लाभ।
  • Synonyms: benefit, allowance, charity, benefit
  • Antonyms: forfeit, loss
  • Example: Do any of these people have jobs or are they all freeloading on the public dole?

MIRE(Noun) : कठिन परिस्थिति में फ़साना

  • Meaning: involve someone or something in (a difficult situation).
  • अर्थ: किसी को या किसी चीज़ को किसी कठिन परिस्थिति में शामिल करना।
  • Synonyms: entangle, embroil, enmesh, involve
  • Example: The woman worked two jobs in order to remove herself from the mire of poverty.

FETTER(Noun) : बंधन

  • Meaning: confine or restrict (someone).
  • अर्थ: सीमित या प्रतिबंधित (कोई)।
  • Synonyms: restrict, restrain, constrain, confine, limit; hinder
  • Antonyms: aid, allow, assist, expedite
  • Example: The budget crisis is a fetter to the city’s plan for repairing the highways.

HOSTILE(Adjective) : शत्रुतापूर्ण

  • Meaning: harmful or dangerous
  • अर्थ: हानिकारक या खतरनाक
  • Synonyms: dangerous, violent
  • Antonyms: safe, friendly
  • Example: The voices around the corner sounded angry, hostile even.

ECCENTRIC(Adjective) : केंद्रभ्रष्ठ

  • Meaning:deviating from the norm
  • अर्थ: आदर्श से भटकना
  • Synonyms: bizarre, curious
  • Antonyms: common, familiar
  • Example: She’s a little eccentric but still fun to be around.

SAGE (adjective) : समझदार

  • Meaning: profoundly wise.
  • अर्थ: गहरा बुद्धिमान।
  • Synonyms: sagacious, erudite, discerning, judicious.
  • Antonyms: dumb, imbecile, moronic, slow-witted.
  • Example: A sage suggestion that they think long and hard before deciding to marry at such a young age

PRATTLE (verb) : बकबक करना

  • Meaning: talk at length in a foolish or inconsequential way.
  • अर्थ: मूर्खतापूर्ण या असंगत तरीके से बात करना।
  • Synonyms: chatter, babble, prate, ramble.
  • Antonyms: quiet, silent, enunciate, articulate.
  • Example: To make others envious, Reena likes to prattle on about her great job.

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